"Your boys read a newspaper."
Translation:Deine Jungen lesen eine Zeitung.
Gender in German can be masculine, feminine and neuter. But of course there exist singular and plural forms for (almost) every noun, too.
"The gender is plural" is not a valid sentence. But e.g. "the word is plural here" is.
And one specialty of German is that the articles in plural are the same for all genders.
Of course in languages a gender is masculine, feminine or neuter. So the pronoun to be used with 'Junge' is 'dein'. But here we have the plural 'Jungen', therefore here we use 'deine'. The person asking the original question thought that the gender of the parent of the boys played a role. Side note: looks like I understood this better one year ago. But I'm catching up again.
There are three different translations for the English "you". None of them are better or worse than the others, but they are simply used for addressing different kinds of persons:
- "du" is for informally addressing one person (child, family member, close friend)
- "ihr" is for informally addressing several persons (children, family members, close friends)
- "Sie" is for formally addressing anybody else, be it one or more persons (strangers, your boss, ...)
Thus there are three valid translations of the given sentence:
- "Deine Jungen ..." informal, one person
- "Eure Jungen ..." informal, many persons
- "Ihre Jungen ..." formal.
It used to be there. No idea why it has disappeared. Here's what can be found using duome:
Personal Pronouns in the Nominative Case
A pronoun is a word that represents a noun, like er does for der Mann. In the nominative case, the personal pronouns are simply the grammatical persons you already know: ich, du, er/sie/es, wir, ihr, and sie.
German uses possessive pronouns similar to the English ones. For example "my" is mein in German, "his" is sein, and "her" is ihr.
personal pronouns possessive pronouns
sie (feminine) ihr
sie (plural) ihr
Remember that in German, eu sounds like "boy", and the ending -er normally roughly sounds like "ma". Nominative forms
Unlike English, these possessive pronouns change their endings in the same way as the indefinite article ein.<pre>
mein Bruder (ein Bruder) meine Mutter (eine Mutter)</pre>
This is mostly straightforward (just append the correct ending according to the noun). There is a slight irregularity: euer does not become euere, but eure (it loses an internal -e-).
The following table has the forms in the nominative case. These are used for subjects, as in<pre>
Meine Katze ist super. (My cat is great.)</pre>
der Hund das Insekt die Katze die Hunde
indef. article ein ein eine (keine)
ich mein mein meine meine
du dein dein deine deine
er/es sein sein seine seine
sie (fem.) ihr ihr ihre ihre
wir unser unser unsere unsere
ihr euer euer eure eure
sie (plural) ihr ihr ihre ihre
As you might notice, ihr has several different functions, so make sure you understand the context it is used in.