"Your boys read a newspaper."
Translation:Deine Jungen lesen eine Zeitung.
why Deine and not Dein, how would I know if the sentence is being referred to a mom or a dad.
Mom or dad play no role here: it is the gender of the object that matters. It is 'deine' because the object is plural.
You can use "euer", but you have to take the correct form, which is "eure" here. I am pretty sure this would be accepted.
"Eure Jungen lesen eine Zeitung" is one of the accepted sentences. What exactly did you write?
I wrote "Eure jungen lesen eine zeitung". Ok, the nouns don't start with capital letters, I know. But that is normally not enough to make it wrong, is it?
Of course it would be considered wrong in German, but as far as I know Duolingo usually does not look at capitalization. Are you sure there hasn't been any additional mistake?
Ihre Jungs lesen eine Zeitung.
This the correct answer given par Duo. What is this "jungs ? "
Why isn't Ihre acceptable? As in using the more formal "you" in situations where you don't know the people that well?
"deine" is informal singular, "eure" is informal plural, "Ihre" (capital "I"!) is formal (can be singular as well as plural). "ihre", however (small "i") means either "her" ot "their".
"Deine Jungs lesen eine Zeitung", is another version that is commonly used.
I put "Eure Jungen lesen eine Zeitung" and it was listed as also correct. Is there one over the other (deine vs eure) that would be the PREFERED, or better way of saying this?
There are three different translations for the English "you". None of them are better or worse than the others, but they are simply used for addressing different kinds of persons:
- "du" is for informally addressing one person (child, family member, close friend)
- "ihr" is for informally addressing several persons (children, family members, close friends)
- "Sie" is for formally addressing anybody else, be it one or more persons (strangers, your boss, ...)
Thus there are three valid translations of the given sentence:
- "Deine Jungen ..." informal, one person
- "Eure Jungen ..." informal, many persons
- "Ihre Jungen ..." formal.
If i understood this correctly there is a difference between "Jungen" and "Jungs".
Singular das Junge - plural die Jungen meaning cub - cubs And Singular der Junge - plural die Jungs meaning boy - boys
Nearly. There are indeed the two words "das Junge" for young animals (of any gender) and "der Junge" for "the boy". But the plural is usually "die Jungen" for both. There is a regional variant "die Jungs", which can only be used for the latter.
It would have been helpful to learn the plural forms of these posessive pronouns in the grammar note.
It used to be there. No idea why it has disappeared. Here's what can be found using duome:
Personal Pronouns in the Nominative Case
A pronoun is a word that represents a noun, like er does for der Mann. In the nominative case, the personal pronouns are simply the grammatical persons you already know: ich, du, er/sie/es, wir, ihr, and sie.
German uses possessive pronouns similar to the English ones. For example "my" is mein in German, "his" is sein, and "her" is ihr.
personal pronouns possessive pronouns
sie (feminine) ihr
sie (plural) ihr
Remember that in German, eu sounds like "boy", and the ending -er normally roughly sounds like "ma". Nominative forms
Unlike English, these possessive pronouns change their endings in the same way as the indefinite article ein.<pre>
mein Bruder (ein Bruder) meine Mutter (eine Mutter)</pre>
This is mostly straightforward (just append the correct ending according to the noun). There is a slight irregularity: euer does not become euere, but eure (it loses an internal -e-).
The following table has the forms in the nominative case. These are used for subjects, as in<pre>
Meine Katze ist super. (My cat is great.)</pre>
der Hund das Insekt die Katze die Hunde
indef. article ein ein eine (keine)
ich mein mein meine meine
du dein dein deine deine
er/es sein sein seine seine
sie (fem.) ihr ihr ihre ihre
wir unser unser unsere unsere
ihr euer euer eure eure
sie (plural) ihr ihr ihre ihre
As you might notice, ihr has several different functions, so make sure you understand the context it is used in.
I put, "Dein Jungen eine Zeitung lesen." Isn't that word order technically correct in German?
In German, the finite verb is always in second position in declarative clauses, hence your sentence doesn't work.
In addition, the possessive pronoun needs to be in a plural form.