https://www.duolingo.com/RobertBoll5

More fun with Verb Conjugation

I have been studying German for a little while now and have done ok but am a little lost when it comes to verb conjugation and nouns. I realize those are 2 different things, but here we go.

If for example i wanted to conjugate this:

I am drinking water, you are drinking water, we are drinking water.

In German it would be

Ich TrinkE wasser Du trinkST wasser Wir TrinkEN Wasser

1) Am i saying what I think i am saying? (I am drinking water, you are drinking water, we are drinking water) ?

2) Does the verb conjugation affect the noun in any way? Would I change the noun wasser to a different spelling (like wassern, wassert) etc?

3) Does the noun have to be changed to fit with the sentence if its plural? for instance:

If i said I have 3 Cars, You have 33 Cars, She has 333 Cars, would I change the noun ending to match the (Habe, Habt, Haben)?

Thanks, Robert

March 20, 2018

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/masongf
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1) Yes, your conjugations are correct.

2) The verb conjugation doesn't affect the noun in any way. Who is doing the verb doesn't affect the noun.

The verb ITSELF may affect the noun if it is an object of the verb. For example, "haben" always takes accusative (direct object). Most of the time this only affects the article and the adjective.

For example "der gute Hund" (nominative) becomes accusative in the sentence, "Ich habe den guten Hund."

Notice the article and adjective changed but the noun did not.

Mostly the only times the noun itself changes is in the Masculine/Neuter genitive (possessive) singular (where you add s or es) and in the dative (indirect object) plural: add "n" or "en." Female singular nouns never decline at all.

3) Again, the verb conjugation doesn't affect the noun. In case of numbers, just like in English nouns become plural when there's more than one. "Ein Buch," and "Zwei B├╝cher."

Hope this helps.

March 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/az_p
Mod
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There's also "weak nouns", certain masculine nouns which get an -n in any case except nominative: http://germanforenglishspeakers.com/nouns/weak-nouns-the-n-declension/

e.g.
der Kunde is masculine singular, in nominative case
sehen is a typical verb taking an accusative object
ich sehe den Kunden

March 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/gmbka
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Yes, but the conjugated verb does not affect the noun. Whether it is "Ich sehe den Kunden" or "Du siehst den Kunden", the noun remains the same.

March 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/az_p
Mod
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Sure, but it contradicts your second-last paragraph. "The ONLY times the noun itself changes ..." is incorrect/incomplete.

March 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/masongf
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That was a different guy, but thanks for the info. I'm still learning too. I've edited my post to reflect this.

March 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/az_p
Mod
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You guys with no avatar all look the same to me - sorry!

[EDIT: Heyyy, you have one now - nice!]

March 20, 2018
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