Translation:The girl and the boy, the woman and the man
Der, die and das when preceeding a masculine, feminine, or neuter noun, respectively, mean "this" or "that" as well as "the". Apfel is a masculine noun meaning apple. Der Apfel means "The apple", "This apple", or "That apple". Orange is a feminine noun meaning orange. Die Orange means "The orange", "This orange", or "That orange". Buch is a neuter noun meaning book. Das Buch means "The book", "This book", or "That book".
Why would I bring this up in lesson 2 when you are still trying to learn der, die, and das for masculine, feminine, and neuter nouns, respectively.
Because, it will become ingrained in your future lessons that das when it stands alone means that (or this). Das ist ein Apfel = That is an apple. Das ist eine Orange = That is an orange. Das ist ein Buch = That is a book. Then much later you will be asked to translate something analogous to "That man is tall". Believe me, you will want to translate this as "Das Mann ist groß". This is WRONG. In fact, some advanced learners still insist that das means that, therefore, das Mann means that man. Der Mann ist groß is the proper translation for "That man is tall"
Mann is a masculine noun. In the nominative case it is ALWAYS "der Mann" = the man, that man or this man. Note that "Das Frau ist groß" is incorrect German, but "Das Mädchen ist groß" is a proper translation for "The girl is tall", "That girl is tall", or "This girl is tall" because Mädchen is a neuter noun and it takes das as the specific article.
NOTE: Der, die and das can mean "this", but the preferred translation for '"this" is "dieser, diese, and diese" as in "dieser Mann, dieser Apfel, diese Frau, diese Orange, dieses Mädchen, and dieses Buch". Therefore, use "der" (masculine noun), "die" (feminine noun), and "das" (neuter noun) fo mean "the" or "that" and "dieser (masculine noun), "diese" (feminine noun), and "dieses" (neuter noun) to mean "this" for this course.
Do NOT use "das Apfel" to translate "that apple" for example. It is improper German grammar. It would be analogous to an English speaker hearing someone say "that apples" or "those apple".
It's based on Magd, meaning maid, plus -chen, a diminutive, so "little maid." The diminutive endings -chen and -lein are always neuter. See: https://en.m.wiktionary.org/wiki/M%C3%A4dchen
In fact the last component of a word determines its gender, so if you learn the genders of the common endings, you get the genders of a lot of words for free. -heit, -keit, and -ung are always feminine, for instance.
here is an article about "chen" https://www.aidanorourke.com/the-magic-of-german-words-chen-the-amazing-suffix/
--Following text was taken directly off https://www.dummies.com/languages/german/identifying-a-german-words-gender/
Basically, you have three genders in German — masculine, feminine, and neuter — and although English has the same three genders, they play a very different role in German grammar. Gender in English is what’s called natural gender; for instance, boy and girl are examples of masculine and feminine gender words, while computer is an example of a neuter gender word.
In German, most gender is unnatural. So instead of referring to a word’s meaning, gender refers to the word itself. To point out the gender of nouns, you use different gender markers. The three gender markers that mean the (singular) in German are der (masculine), die (feminine), and das (neuter). The plural form of the definite article is die. English has only one gender marker for the definite article of all nouns, namely the.
Look at the words for eating utensils, where you have all three bases covered: der Löffel (the spoon), die Gabel (the fork), and das Messer (the knife). Why should a spoon be masculine, a fork feminine, and a knife neuter? Don’t worry if you don’t see any logical pattern here because there isn’t one.
So how do you know how to form/use genders correctly in German? First, remember that gender is an integral part of each noun; it’s like a piece of the noun’s identity. So when you add new German nouns to your vocab, be sure to learn the article of each noun at the same time. You won’t be able to use a noun correctly if you don’t know its article. The following table breaks down the three definite articles — der, die, and das — by gender, and shows an example for each.
Some categories of nouns are consistently masculine, feminine, or neuter. For instance, noun gender usually follows the gender of people: der Onkel (the uncle) and die Schwester (the sister). In many other cases, the noun categories have to do with the ending of the noun.
I asked my husband to listen to this, because I was really wondering. The "male" voice says "undsder" frequently. My husband is fluent in German, his parents were immigrants from Germany, it was his first language. He says that sounds really odd, and is not, to his knowledge, just some regional accent or something. Just saying.
Nobody can see what you wrote, so referring to "this" or "my answer" is not helpful.
Please always quote your entire answer if you have a question.
Even if (especially if) your question is just about one word. (Often, the problem is not with that particular word but with word order or the gender or verb ending of another word.)
Again same answer as duolingo
No, Peggy, you made a mistake somewhere.
I can't tell where since you don't quote your answer here or provide a screenshot, but if Duolingo says it's wrong, there's a 98% chance that it is, actually, wrong.
Perhaps you wrote "und" instead of "and", or "women" instead of "woman", or translated when it was a listening exercise.
But please stop posting "my answer was right but it was marked wrong" without any evidence; that helps neither you, other learners, nor Duolingo improve; it just adds to clutter on the sentence discussion.
I wrote "the girl and the boy, the woman and the man" And it didn't accept it
Do you have a screenshot of that answer being rejected? If so, please show us (upload it to a website such as imgur and tell uf the URL).
Otherwise nobody can tell what might have happened.
Top possibilities are (a) you made a typo without noticing, or (b) you had a listening exercise rather than a translation exercise.
But without seeing the exercise and your answer, nobody can say what went wrong.
Also, did you report your answer as "my translation should be accepted"? I see no report from around the time of your comment.
If girl is neuter
Girls are not neuter. The English word "girl" does not have a grammatical gender, as English nouns do not have grammatical gender.
The German word Mädchen is grammatically neuter.
Please take care not to mix up concepts and words for concepts.
Tables have four legs. "tables" has six letters.
Saying that tables have six letters makes no sense, and similarly, saying that girls are neuter.
why not treat the girl as der (masculine)
Because neuter is not masculine.
Many of the forms of masculine and neuter words are the same (e.g. definite article, genitive case des, or indefinite article, nominative case ein), but many others are not (e.g. definite article, nominative case der - das or indefinite article, accusative case einen - ein).
Treating neuter as masculine is about as wrong as treating plural as feminine.
I freaking wrote the exact same thing
Show us, please -- take a screenshot and upload it to a website (e.g. imgur), then tell us the URL.
Then perhaps we can tell you what went wrong in your case.
plz developers y don't u improve it
Mostly because people don't give enough information.
There wasn't a third 'and' so it my answer was wrong.
Huh? Why do you need a third 'and'?
The German sentence you're asked to translate is
"Das Mädchen und der Junge, die Frau und der Mann"
There are two instances of "und" -- one in das Mädchen und der Junge and the other one in die Frau und der Mann.
Why would you need three instances of "and" to translate that?
I was marked incorrect
In that case, you probably made a small mistake -- e.g. a small typo, or mistaking a listening exercise for a translation exercise.
In the future, please take a screenshot that shows the question and your answer, upload it to a website somewhere (e.g. imgur) and tell us the URL to the image.
I answered the current answer then you send it to me and said I was wrong, but it was the same
Please show us a screenshot so that we can see what you saw -- upload it to a website somewhere (e.g. imgur) and tell us the URL.
Just from your description, it's impossible to tell what might have happened.
How do I get it to accept the correct answer so I can move forward? Keeps kicking out the correct answer
Why using different the for different gender?
That's just how the language works. It's how we inherited it from our parents.
Lots of other related languages also have genders -- either all three we inherited from our common ancestor Proto-Indo-European, or sometimes just two (as in, say, Hindi or French).
Ones that have merged all three into one, as in English, might be in a minority among IE languages.
https://linguistics.stackexchange.com/questions/26149/is-english-the-only-indo-european-language-without-gendered-nouns gives only eight IE languages that have lost all traces of grammatical gender.
Please read mizinamo's comment above. Mädchen may mean girl but it is a neuter noun in the German language. Plus German words that end in "chen" are neuter. Don' t confuse actual gender with grammatical gender. Everyone questions Mädchen as they're starting off, but it's a good example to learn early on. Das (grammatically neuter noun). Die (grammatically feminine noun). Das Mädchen, das Buch, die Frau und die Zeitung. Yes, Zeitung (newspaper) is grammatically feminine.
Also note that all German nouns are capitalized. It is Mädchen, not mädchen, so both das mädchen and die mädchen are incorrect.
I got a wrong answer because I left out a comma?
No. Commas are ignored.
If your answer was marked wrong, then it was probably wrong because of a real error (e.g. spelling mistake, wrong word, wrong gender of article, wrong word order, etc.).
Do you have a screenshot that shows the exercise you had and the answer that you gave? Then share it with us, please -- upload it to a website somewhere (e.g. imgur) and tell us the URL of the image.
Then someone can tell you exactly where you went wrong.
I'm pretty sure it wasn't a comma that you got marked down for, but without seeing exactly what you wrote, nobody can guess.
I have been told by a couple of the people who process the reports (like, "My answer should have been accepted") that about 95% of the time, the complainant's answer has a typo or is otherwise just wrong. It is hard to see a typo in one's own answer. We tend to see what we thought we typed rather than what we did type. I have done this myself, reported that my answer should have been accepted, and then noticed my typo. Oops.
If this does happen again, it's a good idea to take a screen shot, so you can show exactly what your answer was, and what Duo replied.
Another good reason for a screenshot is so that people can see what kind of question you have.
Every now and then, someone mistakes a listening exercise ("type what you hear") for a translation exercise -- and they type the English translation rather than the German words that they hear.
And when Duolingo then says something like "That's wrong. You should have written '... German words ...', which means '... English words ...'", they focus on the English translation and notice that that's exactly what they wrote.
And very occasionally, someone gets the message "Correct! Another possible answer: ...." and mistake that for a "you should have written '...'".
Screen shots are good.
I'm actually really frustrated as I got this wrong all because I left out the comma. All German translation was correct and due to this grammatical error, killed my chance of earning my crown. If actual translation of words are correct, maybe this should be marked as correct with a note about grammer. Its hard enough working out der, die, das and when to use it as it is.
I got this wrong all because I left out the comma
I would be highly surprised if this was true -- Duolingo generally ignores commas and periods/full stops.
Do you have a screenshot showing your answer being rejected merely because of a missing comma? If so, please share it with us -- upload it to a website somewhere such as imgur and post the URL of the image here. Thank you!