Differences between sleeping, slept and sleeps.
I am trying to figure out the correct meaning of sleeping in german. For example:
Does Ich Schlafe >> Mean I am sleeping? Does Ihr Schlaft >> Mean he is sleeping? Does Wir Schlafen >> Mean they are sleeping?
I am asking because i want to know how to differentiate between sleeping, slept etc.
Can someone clarify for me? i keep hitting this same confusion where when a verb is conjugated i never seem to know what it actually means.
- I sleep (also I'm sleeping) = ich schlafe
- you sleep = du schläfst (informal) / Sie schlafen (formal)
- he/she/it sleeps = er/sie/es schläft
- we sleep = wir schlafen
- you (all) sleep = ihr schlaft (inf.) / Sie schlafen (form.)
- they sleep = sie schlafen
The past participle (slept) is geschlafen (I've slept/I've been sleeping= Ich habe geschlafen), the present participle (sleeping) is schlafend (don't use it like "I'm sleeping", though! But you can say "I spent the morning sleeping" = "Ich verbrachte den Morgen schlafend")
The simple past (I slept) has a different stem, that is "schlief-", so it's
- ich schlief
- du schliefst (/Sie schliefen)
- er/sie/es schlief
- wir schliefen
- ihr schlieft (/Sie schliefen)
- sie schliefen
Verbs that change their stem and get this pattern of endings are called "strong verbs". If it would be a weak verb, the past would be "*ich schlafte", this is the regular past conjugation.
Thanks for the clarification Max. Most appreciated. What is the difference between "past participle" and "simple past" ? How are they different, i almost thought i had a breakthrough here with "Ge-" but well now i am back to confused.
The past participle is the form you need for compound times, like
- Ich habe geschlafen = I have slept
- Ich hatte geschlafen = I had slept
- Ich werde geschlafen haben = I will have slept
while simple past (Präteritum) is not compound (but simple;-) ):
- Ich schlief = I slept
Perhaps it would help to bookmark a site like this. http://conjugator.reverso.net/conjugation-german.html
Yes, I have used that site many times and it works well, however i want to make sure i understand not only how to write, say the word correctly but why it works that way.