https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

Verbs ~er group - ~ger endings

Links: Verbs ~er group:4 important spelling rules , learning loom

NOTE: most of the french words in this stream - will give you an audio file - so you can "hear" how to pronounce them, and hopefully understand them when you hear them.

<h1>Verbs ~er group , and the pattern they follow is:</h1>

" je " ~e ..;.. " tu " ~es ..;.. " il " / " elle " / " on " ~e
" nous " ~ons ..;.. " vous " ~ez ..;.. " ils " / " elles " ~ent

<h1>Spelling rules for ~er, about ~ger</h1>

It is all about the sound * lets look at ~ger

This pattern is part of a group of -er verbs for which ' g ' is kept to the soft sound by adding a ' e ' after the ' g ' before the vowels ‘a’ and ‘o’, thus keeping the ' g ' saying its soft sound, rather than using its hard sound. When a 'g ' is followed by an ' e ' ,' i ' or ' u ', it says its soft sound.

Just as for ~cer, it only comes into play for the subject pronoun of nous, which has the adding of ~ons to the stem of the verb. All the other subject pronouns for ~er verbs are not affected, as they all start with ~e.

In french, if you have "ga" or "go", it makes the hard "g" sound, such as garage, or in french " la garage " .

When you have a "ge" , "gi" or "gu" , it makes the soft "g" sound , such as in giraffe, and the french word " la girafe ".

So this changes the spelling for the subject pronoun "nous" - because the sound made needs to be a soft "g" sound. Yet if you had "gons", by the rule that "a" or "o" after "g" made the hard "G" sound, to reflect instead that it is wanted a soft "g" sound to be used, an "e" is added after the "g", and before appending "ons"

For example : " manger " .
Thus you get " nous mangeons " " ; with a "e" added after the "g", and before the normal ending of "ons".
For all the other subject pronouns it follows the standard rules for ~er verbs.

April 20, 2014

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

This is a list of all the ~ger verbs I know about, and that I believe follow the standard ~er verb pattern, along with the spelling rule for " g ", as talked about above.

abréger : to shorten

alléger : to lighten

arranger : to arrange

bouger : to move

changer : to change

corriger : to correct

décourager : to discourage

déménager : to move

déranger : to disturb

diriger : to direct

échanger : exchange, swap

encourager : to encourage

engager : to bind

exiger : to demand

juger : to judge

loger : to lodge

manger : to eat

nager : to swim

obliger : to oblige

partager : to share, divide

protéger : to protect

ranger : to arrange

rédiger : to write

voyager : to travel

April 20, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/Mundusfr

It is very interesting and useful for those who make the two trees English and French like me. So I will be a careful reader for your subject...

Pay attention for the verb rédiger. It does not mean exactly to write. The real meaning of to write is écrire. It means rather to redact. When you make a redaction at school, a synthesis for example, rédiger is used here.

Diriger has a lot of meanings. To direct for a direction. But diriger un entreprise is the equivalence of to manage a company.

Otherwise, it is a good idea to share with us all these verbs.

April 20, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

Please let me know if you know of others. Also if you have any good links to verb tables with audio attached for the verbs I have not found tables for. Some of the verbs above, if you click on them, will take you to another html page with the verbs conjugated in various tenses.

April 20, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

and here again is my favorite audio site, showing these verbs off, where an 'e' is added after the 'g', to show the 'g' is a soft 'g' sound:

http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/changer.htm ; to change

http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/juger.htm ; to judge

http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/manger.htm ; to eat

http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/nager.htm ; to swim

http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/ranger.htm ; to arrange

http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/voyager.htm ; to travel

April 20, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

Take note - this additional rule for standard ~er verbs only affects the ending for "nous", which would normally just add a ~ons to the stem. As this ending starts with an 'o', and so as to show that the soft 'g' sound is retained, an " e " is added after the "g" showing that the 'g' says its soft sound. Then the "~ons" is added.

AND - by learning this rule - you can read and SPEAK other french words - and spell them as well.

It is so much better learning this as a rule - rather than an exception to the standard format - that is what I have read in so many other places. :) And people telling me I have to learn every verb and all its patters by rote - as there are so many variations. My head is not large enough - I have a very simple mind and a poor memory. But now I am armed with this knowledge - and I know I will find other rules - I can make better progress on my learning journey :)

April 20, 2014
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