Verbs ~er group - ~ger endings
NOTE: most of the french words in this stream - will give you an audio file - so you can "hear" how to pronounce them, and hopefully understand them when you hear them.<h1>Verbs ~er group , and the pattern they follow is:</h1>
<h1>Spelling rules for ~er, about ~ger</h1>
It is all about the sound * lets look at ~ger
This pattern is part of a group of -er verbs for which ' g ' is kept to the soft sound by adding a ' e ' after the ' g ' before the vowels ‘a’ and ‘o’, thus keeping the ' g ' saying its soft sound, rather than using its hard sound. When a 'g ' is followed by an ' e ' ,' i ' or ' u ', it says its soft sound.
Just as for ~cer, it only comes into play for the subject pronoun of nous, which has the adding of ~ons to the stem of the verb. All the other subject pronouns for ~er verbs are not affected, as they all start with ~e.
In french, if you have "ga" or "go", it makes the hard "g" sound, such as garage, or in french " la garage " .
When you have a "ge" , "gi" or "gu" , it makes the soft "g" sound , such as in giraffe, and the french word " la girafe ".
So this changes the spelling for the subject pronoun "nous" - because the sound made needs to be a soft "g" sound. Yet if you had "gons", by the rule that "a" or "o" after "g" made the hard "G" sound, to reflect instead that it is wanted a soft "g" sound to be used, an "e" is added after the "g", and before appending "ons"
For example : " manger " .
Thus you get " nous mangeons " " ; with a "e" added after the "g", and before the normal ending of "ons".
For all the other subject pronouns it follows the standard rules for ~er verbs.
This is a list of all the ~ger verbs I know about, and that I believe follow the standard ~er verb pattern, along with the spelling rule for " g ", as talked about above.
abréger : to shorten
alléger : to lighten
arranger : to arrange
bouger : to move
changer : to change
corriger : to correct
décourager : to discourage
déménager : to move
déranger : to disturb
diriger : to direct
échanger : exchange, swap
encourager : to encourage
engager : to bind
exiger : to demand
juger : to judge
loger : to lodge
manger : to eat
nager : to swim
obliger : to oblige
partager : to share, divide
protéger : to protect
ranger : to arrange
rédiger : to write
voyager : to travel
It is very interesting and useful for those who make the two trees English and French like me. So I will be a careful reader for your subject...
Pay attention for the verb rédiger. It does not mean exactly to write. The real meaning of to write is écrire. It means rather to redact. When you make a redaction at school, a synthesis for example, rédiger is used here.
Diriger has a lot of meanings. To direct for a direction. But diriger un entreprise is the equivalence of to manage a company.
Otherwise, it is a good idea to share with us all these verbs.
Please let me know if you know of others. Also if you have any good links to verb tables with audio attached for the verbs I have not found tables for. Some of the verbs above, if you click on them, will take you to another html page with the verbs conjugated in various tenses.
and here again is my favorite audio site, showing these verbs off, where an 'e' is added after the 'g', to show the 'g' is a soft 'g' sound:
http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/changer.htm ; to change
http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/juger.htm ; to judge
http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/ranger.htm ; to arrange
http://www.audiofrench.com/verbs/voyager.htm ; to travel
Take note - this additional rule for standard ~er verbs only affects the ending for "nous", which would normally just add a ~ons to the stem. As this ending starts with an 'o', and so as to show that the soft 'g' sound is retained, an " e " is added after the "g" showing that the 'g' says its soft sound. Then the "~ons" is added.
AND - by learning this rule - you can read and SPEAK other french words - and spell them as well.
It is so much better learning this as a rule - rather than an exception to the standard format - that is what I have read in so many other places. :) And people telling me I have to learn every verb and all its patters by rote - as there are so many variations. My head is not large enough - I have a very simple mind and a poor memory. But now I am armed with this knowledge - and I know I will find other rules - I can make better progress on my learning journey :)