"She is wearing dark red boots."

Translation:Elle porte des bottes rouge foncé.

March 29, 2018

This discussion is locked.


Why isn't the color pluralized here? What makes it not "bottes rouges foncés"?


When you use more than one adjective to designate a single color (like "light blue," "dark green," "pale pink"etc.), neither of the adjectives changes according to the noun it modifies. For example:

"Il a les yeux bleu clair et les cheveux brun foncé."
"He has light blue eyes and dark brown hair."


Merci. This answered my question.


Thanks, so what about "foncée" ? where that word can be used? according to you maybe not with colours, right?


I believe fonce is used when specifying a dark color, while sombre is things that are dark in general and of an unspecified color

so fonce is like dark red dark brown dark yellow

But noted that this means dark as far as that color goes (like dark yellow usually isn't what you would consider a dark color over all)

while sombre is describing this that are dark in general and whenever there is not a color being specified

the night is dark a dark alleyway you have a dark (unspecified color) coat you are feeling a dark mood.

if my understanding is correct.


Excellent explanation . Thank you Have a Lingot


Thank you very much for your explanation.


Have you got your answer for this?


Why must the French language have so many exceptions for no good reason!


"no good reason" by whose standards?


Thank you, that was my question as well... although I don't understand WHY this is so...... I guess it's one of those things we just have to memorize.........


Merci, Ripcurlgirl


Why is "Elle porte des bottes rouge sombre" not accepted. Is there a particular reason to use foncè over sombre


Foncé is used to modify a particular colour, sombre is used for a dark colour that unspecified.


What I don't understand about that is what is the particular colour mentioned in beer? Why is that not just sombre because no colour is mentioned? Thank you in advance.


I've seen "Rouge sombre" in French texts before. It was said to refer to the darker shades of red, such as maroon and burgundy. Are these texts incorrect?


You could try asking Sitesurf as she has commented on it on this thread: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/26961672/fonc%C3%A9-vs-sombre.


From the link cited above: "Foncé" is only used for colours, while "sombre" works in any context (including colours, so "une couleur foncée" or "une couleur sombre" mean almost the same. However, if you speak of a specific colour, you must use "foncé", so "du bleu foncé").

"Sombre" can also be used for "not enough light", for example "Lorsque le soleil se couche, il commence à faire sombre."


(no accents on my laptop) fonce is used when referring to something speciic like a colour. where's sombre is more in general.I'm not a native so correct me ig i'm wrong.


You can set your keyboard to american international, that will give you all of the accents. I use it for French and German.


on a Mac, go to System Preferences > International > select language > close. A pull-down menu in the menu bar, top right, will show a flag of the countries selected. Whenever you need an accent for a particular language, use the pull-down menu to access that specific country's keyboard.


Ok, so what determines the order of the adjectives following the noun? Can it also be des bottes foncé rouge?


From what I've noticed, it depends on what the adjective is modifying. For example, in this sentence red is describing the boots, so that goes first, while dark is describing the color red. I'm not fluent in French; this is just what I've noticed and it's been correct each time.


From what I've read, the intensity of the color (foncé, clair, pâle etc.) comes after the color. Ex: dark pink becomes rose foncé, pale white becomes blanc pâle. Hope this helps.


When do you use 'sombre' and when 'fonce' for dark? i'm a bit confused. And is the adjective always after the noun? Dark suit = costume sombre?


Why not "Elle porte les bottes rouge foncé?" She is wearing "the" red boots, isn't she? Not "some" red boots?


there is no "the" in the english sentence so it has to be "des" not "les". "the red boots" implies a particular pair of red boots. we hear this type of general reference all the time when reporters comment on what politicians or celebrities are wearing as they arrive at some big event . . . . "she is wearing jeans and dark red boots"


I see what you are saying, but it still does not make complete sense. Even your example does not seem to be completely correct - "arrive at some big event... she is wearing jeans and dark red boots." She is still, in the present tense, in the now, wearing a particular pair of boots -- the dark red boots. If the sentence was "She often wears dark red boots," I would agree that it could be any pair of dark red boots. She could own hundreds of pairs of dark red boots, but if you are currently wearing a pair of boots, it is now THE pair of boots. If she has hundreds of pairs of boots of all colors, but only one pair of dark red boots, then she again is wearing THE dark red boots. Am I completely missing something here or is this another case for Duolingo needing to accept multiple translations?


This is the Duo Tips and Notes for articles: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Basics-2/tips-and-notes.

If we don't know anything about the boots she owns, all we can do is make a general observation of what she is wearing in the moment (using the indefinite article) rather than identifying a particular pair of boots that is known to you (in which case you would use the definite article). If the sentence was referencing a particular pair of boots the English sentence that we are being asked to translate would have the definite article "the" in it - "she is wearing the dark red boots" (that she wore last week, not the black boots that we saw her buying yesterday).

In your original comment you said: "She is wearing "the" red boots, isn't she? Not "some" red boots?"

We drop "some" a lot in English so we just say red boots, but you could also change it to singular and say "a pair of red boots" using the singular indefinite article "a".


Nityaji, thank you for your help. This all makes more sense now.


Can someone please help me out on the difference between "foncé" and "foncée"


Adjectives usually agree with the noun that they modify. One of the exceptions to this rule is compound adjectives and in this case both adjectives remain as masculine and singular (see: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Colors/tips-and-notes for more info). So usually "foncé" would be used with a masculine noun and "foncée" with a feminine noun, but in this case "rouge foncé" is a compound adjective so "rouge" and "foncé" are both in their masculine singular forms even though the noun they modify, "bottes", is feminine and plural.

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Why "des" and not "de"


Yes, I have the same question, I thought there was a rule regarding changing des to de in such an instance..


"des" changes to "de" when there is an adjective in front of the noun. See https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Plurals-2/tips-and-notes. If the sentence was about small dark red boots, then it would be "de petites bottes rouge foncé".


Oh yes, now I do remember, thanks for the refresher..


Pourquoi pas rouge sombre?


see response to JasonWylie above


(no accents on my laptop) fonce is used when referring to something specific like a colour. where's sombre is more in general.I'm not a native so correct me if i'm wrong.


I could have sworn I commented on this thread before but I am not seeing it so... I thought that when you use more than one adjective to describe a noun des becomes de??


You're right! but this would be if the adjectives were in front. ex: le garcon a dit que de petites chaises ont été vendre. (the boy said some small chairs have been sold) it's kind of difficult to make up a a sentence on the spot, but I hope you get by gist. :)

(I am not a native french speaker, so do correct me if you think I am wrong)


what is the difference between foncé and sombre


Why not sombre for dark?

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