"Y a-t-il des chaussures bleues ?"
Translation:Are there blue shoes?
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here we go again... previously Duo taught me des stands for... indefinite article I write for Y a-t-il des chaussures blues... are there any blue shoes...wrong.. instead it should be... are there blue shoes....I understand that the indefinite article can be dropped in English... but situation given in a shop the question would equally be understood and it is grammatically correct either way....or am I completely wrong?
« Il y a » means “There are” or “There is”, but when you reverse the subject with the verb in French the ‘t’ is added between the two vowels in the question form. So it becomes « Y a-t-il ...? ». https://www.thoughtco.com/il-y-a-vocabulary-1371268
Keep in mind that though it means “there are”, the French expression actually uses the verb “to have” or « avoir » which is necessary to know when you use a different tense: https://www.thoughtco.com/il-y-sera-french-mistake-1369462
So what is that word represented by the letter « y » ? It is so versatile. It can replace an adverbial phrase or even a noun. Don’t forget to click on “Y as a noun” to get the rest of the information. https://www.thoughtco.com/y-french-pronoun-1368924
Did you report it? “Some” usually becomes “any” in any question or negative.
I think that “any” is one of those words that translates oddly into French and they will use “aucun” for negatives, but that wouldn’t work in a question. So, I think that they have to do this word sentence by sentence. There are even situations in statements where we would put “any”, but they would put “tout” which means “all”.
One of the answers in the pull down menu is "does he have....." which I put and marked wrong???
When you look at each individual meaning of each word, you can get meanings for other sentences too. « Il a des chaussures bleues. » would mean “He has blue shoes.”, but « il y a » is an expression which means “There are” or “There is” and this is the question form of that expression. « Y a-t-il des chaussures bleues ? » which means “Are there blue shoes?” or “Are there any blue shoes?” although I am not sure if they are accepting that one yet. They were accepting “Are there some blue shoes?” So look for that “y”, because the question form for “Does he have blue shoes?” would have been « A-t-il des chaussures bleues ? »
No, « il y a » specifically means “there is” or “there are” and the inverted question form adds a ‘t’ between the vowels. « Y a-t-il...? » for “Are there...?” or “Is there...?”
“Does he have blue shoes?” would have been « A-t-il des chaussures bleues? » at the very least, so look for that « Y » as it is the difference. I would more likely say « Est-qu’il a des chaussures bleues? »
Actually my parents from Montréal use « souliers bleus » instead of « chaussures bleues ». It is an older word that they don’t seem to use much in France anymore.
It is used when the verb is inverted and comes before the noun. When “il y a” is inverted the vowel of the verb “a” is right before the vowel in “il” so in French they add a “t” in between for the sake of euphony. They put it between “a” and “t” and again after the “t” before “il” all to keep the vowel sounds separate. There is no significance other than tying the inversion together, so that inversion becomes “Y a-t-il...”