"I ask the waiter a question."
Translation:Yo le hago una pregunta al mesero.
It shouldn't be. Some places are (still) regarding the term "waiter" as male-only, the female version would be "waitress" there. But in most cases "waiter" is unisex.
Same i wrote Yo le hago una pregunta a la mesera and its marked incorrect
You need to say "al mesero". The preposition a is important for indirect objects.
That's called redundancy. Subir para arriba, bajar para abajo, entrar para adentro... Preguntar una pregunta... Better say hacer una pregunta.
I do not find that this kind of translation comes naturally to me. I see the construction as subject I (yo), indirect object (le = him)referring to the waiter (el misero), make (hago), direct object (una pregunta = a question) to the waitor (al misero) to clarify 'el'.
If you use preguntar, the person you are asking will be a direct object. So le doesn't fit in here.
No, the waiter still needs an a because he's the indirect object here. Also it's really uncommon to switch places of the direct object ("una pregunta") and the indirect object ("al mesero"). Spanish can't really do the same thing that English does.
Either you "le preguntas al mesero" or you "le haces una pregunta al mesero", but you can't "preguntar una pregunta". That sounds doubly, like "I'm asking an ask".
It's more indirect. Cause you're putting the indirect object first, geddit? :D
But seriously, the usual order of objects in Spanish is direct object first, then indirect object. Spanish doesn't do the same Germanic weirdnesses that English does with some verbs. Like, why do you say "Ask me something" but not "Explain me something"? Why does it have to be "Explain something to me" but usually not "Ask something to me"?
I have seen several people talk about the box that Duolingo provides with suggestions and solutions but I don't know where that is. Is that available in the phone format or only on a laptop?
James here was probably just saying that they used the usual word order that Duolingo communicates.
I'm not quite sure what box are you talking about. You can get translation hints when you tap on one of the words with a dotted underline when you have a translation task.
You can also tap on the lightbulb button that pops up when you select a lesson to get to a page that contains tips and help for the lesson at hand.