"Es" is used when the subject is "tu," and "est" is used when the subject is "he/she," "George," or "the dog" or something like that.
If there is only one thing it is singular. If there are two or more things they are plural. If this does not answer your question, please look it up on the internet.
"Le" is used to say "the" for masculine nouns and "la" is used to say "the" for feminine nouns. Also, the plural "the" is "Les" and if a singular noun starts with a vowel it is "L'"
La femme = The woman
Le garçon = the boy
Les hommes = The men
L'homme = the man
so, le is masculine and la is feminine?
also, what's the difference between es and est?
The "es" and "est" are conjugations of the irregular verb être (to be).
Je suis = 1st person singular = I am
Tu es = 2nd person singular = You are
Il/Elle/On est = 3rd person singular = He/She/One is
Nous sommes = 1st person plural = We are
Vous êtes = 2nd person plural = You are
Ils/Elles sont = 3rd person plural = They (masc.)/They (fem.)
And, yes, "le" is for singular masculine nouns and "la" is for singular feminine nouns
I just found a hack past this question, press on record button and then press speaker, shouldn't this not happen!
"Es" is "are" as in "you are." Tu es calme. Tu es grand(e).
Es is not used for the "vous" form, though. With "vous," use "êtes"
I am not saying that "yes, the boy's calm" is an incorrect translation, but when using Duolingo, it is better to not use that kind of language.
I had always thought 'Oui' was pronounced like we but it sounds like there is a more 'O' sound. Or is this regional?
"Oui" is pronounced like "wee." I'm not sure if it is a regional thing, but keep in mind that DL is capable of messing up. I personally didn't have a problem with the audio, but that doesn't mean it didn't mess up for you.
(Sometimes it takes a little while for people to actually understand the audio, so if you want to be sure your answer is right, listen to the slow audio (if available, of course) because the DL team usually gets them right)
They are used with different subjects:
"Es" is used with the subject "tu" (which is "you" singular and familliar)
"Est is used with the subjects "il/elle/on" ( "il" = "he" "elle" = "she" and "on" = "one" or an informal "we")
Est is used for third person singular nouns (il, elle, on, names of people). Es is used for the subject "tu". Please look at other comments to see the full conjugation of the verb être.
It is, but it is also masculine. Just because there is an "e" and the end of a word doesn't mean it is feminine. "Riche" is also like "calme." The word would only be changed if the noun modified is plural (the word becomes "calmes").
The est and es are what's kind of tripping me up, can anyone explain???