"He is a man and he is rich."

Translation:C'est un homme et il est riche.

April 1, 2018



Why not il est un homme? Why C'est?

April 1, 2018


When describing people and things with être in French, you usually can't use a personal subject pronoun like il. Instead, you must use the impersonal pronoun ce, which can also mean "this" or "that". Note that ce is invariable, so it can never be ces sont.

These pronouns aren't interchangeable. The basic rule is that you must use ce when être is followed by any determiner—for instance, an article or a possessive adjective. Note that c'est should be used for singulars and ce sont should be used for plurals.

C'est un homme. — He's a man. / This is a man. / That is a man.
Ce sont des chats. — They're cats. / These are cats. / Those are cats . C'est mon chien. — It's my dog. / This is my dog. / That's my dog.

If an adjective, adverb, or both appear after être, then use the personal pronoun.

Elle est belle. — She is beautiful. (Or "It is beautiful.")
Il est très fort. — He is very strong. (Or "It is very strong.")
Ils sont calmes. — They are calm.

April 2, 2018


Why did we use "riche" with "homme" instead of "rich" ?

April 20, 2018

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You may be thinking that everything that ends with an "e" is feminine. That is not true. Duo begins by introducing some terms (riche, calme, rouge) which do not change with gender although they do change with plurals (riches, calmes, rouges).

May 4, 2018


"riche" is invariable with gender.

April 21, 2018


i've got a question: i said: "c'est un homme et c'est riche" why if i am using HE IS two times, the second has to be different?

November 20, 2018


"un homme" is a modified noun, so "il est" changes to "c'est". This only happens with modified nouns. Since "riche" is an adjective, nothing changes, it's still "il est".

November 20, 2018


thank you very much.

November 20, 2018


Why not C'est l'homme et il est riche?

May 19, 2018


That would be "he's THE man and he's rich".

June 23, 2018


Can someone explain why "... et il sont riche" is wrong?

June 30, 2018


Etre is conjugated as "il est" (he is) or "ils sont" (they (masculine) are). As it's one man it's just "il est".

July 6, 2018


Merci Ripcurlgirl

November 20, 2018


Here is my question. I understand that "ce" could mean "that, he, she, this, those, etc," but how do I verbally make the distinction between "that" and "this" in French without context? Or rather, can someone demonstrate these two sentences in French?

This is an apple. That is an apple.

December 11, 2018


In general, the French don't really make the distinction, both would be expressed with "c'est une pomme". If you really need to distinguish, you have these to use:

  • celui = the one - masculine singular
  • celle = the one - feminine singular
  • ceux = the ones - masculine plural
  • celles = the ones - feminine plural
  • celui-ci = this one - masculine singular
  • celle-ci = this one - feminine singular
  • ceux-ci = these (ones) - masculine plural
  • celles-ci = these (ones) - feminine plural
  • celui-là = that one - masculine singular
  • celle-là = that one - feminine singular
  • ceux-là = those (ones) - masculine plural
  • celles-là = those (ones) - feminine plural

So your sentences would be "Celle-ci est une pomme" and "Celle-là est une pomme" - but those sound quite bizarre on their own, as if you know your interlocutor realises that the one over there is an apple but might think that this particular one here is an orange in disguise. "Celle-ci est une pomme, mais celle-là est une orange." is ok, because there you're contrasting "celle-ci" and "celle-là"

December 11, 2018


What's wrong with the opposite phrases

December 16, 2018


Can someone please explain c'est to me?

February 10, 2019
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