"Mes filles comprennent la lettre."
Translation:My daughters understand the letter.
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"understood" refers to something that happened in the past; the French sentence uses a present tense form of the verb, so it needs to be translated as "understand".
Because the reference to girls is "3rd person plural". I've found the following patterns seem to apply.
1st person -e
2nd person -s
3rd person -e
1st person -ons;
2nd person -ez;
3rd person -ent
1st person (i: je) mange
2nd person (you: tu) mange-s
3rd person (he, she: il, elle) mange
1st person (we: nous) mange-ons;
2nd person (you: vous) mange-z;
3rd person (they: ils, elles) mange-nt
What if you were coaching a girl's football team and you wanted to say in a familiar way that the girls on the team understand the game? In English you would say "my girls understand the game." is there a way to express a possessive relationship without the meaning changing to "daughter?"