April 3, 2018

This discussion is locked.


Is this an imperative? If not, why is speaks not accurate? Thank you.


This is not an imperative. Imperatives use a special set of prefixes and must have a prefix. You will learn those later in the course. In fact, this is not a full sentence at all. Notice that there is not a period. This entry is actually looking for the dictionary definition. Though, since jatlh could also be a full Klingon sentence, this entry does also accept full English sentences as translations. However, "speaks" is neither the dictionary definition nor a full English sentence and so is not accepted.


Vialingo's Klingon language course (on YouTube) always gives English equivalents of verbs with an S on the end, so it's automatic for me to do that here as well. Could you add "speaks" to the correct answers? It's not like it's a wrong answer!


It's not like it's a wrong answer!

Well, yes and no.

In a full sentence, "speaks" can be a good translation of jatlh.

But here, it's not part of a sentence -- it's just a vocabulary word, kind of like a dictionary entry. And most dictionaries would not translate jatlh as "speaks" but rather as "speak" or perhaps "to speak", using a kind of dictionary form of the English verb.

In some cases, treating it as a sentence and translating it as "he speaks, she understands, it explodes" etc. will also be accepted, but the form with -s and without subject is generally not accepted so far.

I'd recommend that you translate bare jatlh as either "speak" or "to speak" rather than "speaks", at least here on the course.


Dictionary definition


None of what you said hasn't already appeared in this discussion. Don't you think it's a little beside the point of the exercise to expect the student to come to the conclusion that some form of the verb (without an -s) is better as an answer because there's no punctuation in the sentence to be translated? ...especially when there is another very good Klingon language course that in fact gives "speaks" with the -s as the translation of "jatlh".


Personally I think that other course is wrong to do so and I'm sorry to hear it has misled you. We have expressed our reasons for sticking to the translations we have already provided. I hope you can continue to enjoy this course despite the differences from a different course with which you are already familiar.


I think it may be slightly more confusing NOT to accept it. The Problem is, that the Lesson cant reply something like: "Right, but..", This cold make it all clear!


We have to guard against confusion in the other direction. The verb alone can be used as a complete sentence in Klingon and if you're not going to consider it to be the normal dictionary form ("speak" or "to speak"), then you must treat it as a complete sentence. "He speaks" (and many other variations like it) is accepted as a correct translation. In English, the verb alone cannot be a complete sentence and so using it in a conjugated form but not as a full sentence is NOT representative of how the word works in Klingon. As you say, additional tools to clarify that would be really great. I just hope that many of our users can at least read the helpful Tips at duolingo.com/learn.

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