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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Peter435682

"cette est" or "c'est?"

A duolingo question was "She is a girl and she is calm." I translated this as "Cette est une fille et elle est calme." It was counted wrong, and the corrected proffered was "C'est une fille et elle est calme." Is this valid? I can understand contracting "ce est" into "c'est," with the two adjacent vowels. But "cette" ends with a pronounced "t" sound. Do we really make cette est into c'est, or do we keep it as is? Thanks

April 4, 2018

1 Comment


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Puopjick

The correction is good here.

In reality it's not "Cette est" which is contracting into "C'est".

In french, the main translation for she is "elle" so you can translate "She is a girl" to "Elle est une fille" but if this sentence is totally correct, it's really rare to say that and we use the demonstrative pronoun "Ça" instead of "elle" so the sentence must be "Ça est une fille" and there you have two adjacent vowels so you use "C'est une fille".

"Cette", like "Ce" or "Cet" are demonstrative adjectives so you cant' use them instead of a noun. A pronoun is made to be used instead of noun so you can say "C'est" ("Ça est") but an adjective need to be with a noun. "Cette voiture est...", "Cet enfant est ...", "Ce vélo est ....", but "Ce est", "Cette est" or "Cet est" have no sens and are mistakes.

I hope that it helps you ;)

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