The position of "nicht" and "kein"
I know how to negate verbs, nouns, adjectives and adverbs using both "nicht" and "keinen", but there are some sentences that confuse me. Examples:
-(Ihm gefällt dieses konzert nicht) : "gefallen" is an adjective and so I should negate this adjective with "nicht" that comes before the adjective and not after the whole sentence ? Am I right?
-(Das mädchen mag die roten schuhe nicht): What is the difference between placing "nicht" after the whole sentence -as mentioned in the example- and placing it directly after the verb i.e "mag nicht".? Also, can I negate this sentence using kein, for example (Das mädchen mag keine die roten schuhe )?
Gefallen is a verb, and that should solve your problem.
You can say "das Maedchen mag keine roten Schuhe", which means red shoes are not to her liking in general.
With moegen "nicht" always follows the object..
when negating verbs like mögen you usually put the nicht at the end. Generally, the entire verb structure is usually placed at the end of the sentence, except for the finite (conjugated) part which is in the second position. So the verb structure is mag nicht, and nicht is placed at the end with mag in the second position.
When negating with kein, keep in mind that kein is already a determiner (article), so you can't say keine die roten Schuhe, just keine roten Schuhe