https://www.duolingo.com/MiaJaune

für + Accusative or Dative?

1: Das Studium an der Viadrina ist eine Herausforderung für jeden Studenten.

2: Die Sensibilität für andere Kulturen und Denkweisen ist gefragt.

http://www.graf-gutfreund.at/daf/02grammatik/04praeposition/gr1_praepositionen.pdf

According to what I found online, für should always be followed by Akkusative, however, in the first sentence, jeden is the dative plural form.

Can anybody explain to me why it's für jeden Studenten instead of für jede Studenten?

April 6, 2018

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Emma-.-.-
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Für is always followed by akkusative and the jeden in the first sentence is the akkusative singular form (because if you "ask" for the object (here: the student) it's "Wen?". If it was dativ you would ask with "Wem?".)

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MiaJaune

If it's singular form, shouldn't be Student instead of Studenten?

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Paralars1

it is the Akkusativ Singular. You can look up word forms here

https://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Student

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MiaJaune

That answered my question! Thanks a bunch guys!

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Paralars1

Nom. - jeder, jede, jedes

Akk. - jeden, jede, jedes

Dat. - jedem, jeder, jedem

Gen. - jedes, jeder, jedes

masculine, feminine and neuter respectively. There is no plural form because jeder is always used as singular.

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MiaJaune

http://www.jabbalab.com/blog/2400/german-indefinite-pronouns-part-2

That's where I found the plural form of 'jeder'. So is it incorrect?

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Paralars1

It is very uncommon to see jede used with a plural. It is generally bad style and people don't use it, even if you can technically decline the word into a plural form.

Think of it like the English word each, it means the same as jeder and is also only used with singular nouns.

If you wanted to use the plural, you would instead say alle

April 6, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/ChemMJW

"Der Student" is an example of what are called "weak N-nouns" or "weak masculine N-nouns." These are masculine German nouns (i.e., nouns that take 'der' as the definite article) that have an added -n or -en in all cases but the nominative singular. There are some tricks to help you memorize which nouns are weak N-nouns, but until you get a feel for which nouns fall into this category, you simply have to memorize them at first. 'Der Student' is one of these weak N-nouns, so its declension in the singular goes der Student / den Studenten / dem Studenten / des Studentens. You can read more about weak N-nouns here: http://germanforenglishspeakers.com/nouns/weak-nouns-the-n-declension/

April 9, 2018
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