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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LaCroixRouge141

This sentence

In this sentence "Nous avons de beaux enfants" why is "de" nesscary?

April 8, 2018

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/relox84

The indefinite plural article, which is normally des (and doesn't translate back into English which doesn't have such an article), contracts to de when there is an adjective before the noun:

Nous avons des enfants - We have children

Nous avons de beaux enfants - We have beautiful children


[deactivated user]

    I actually don't quite know. because de means of which wouldn't make sense in that sentence. where did you see that?


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

    In this instance the de is showing ownership, possession, connection.

    I will edit this in a moment to talk some more about de., for it is used in quite a few different ways.


    Tips and Notes

    Tips and Notes, in the skills Prepositions-1

    Also a recent post Preposition-2


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

    de can indicate possession.

    And it contracts the the definite article of the (le , les ) It does not contract for la

    ie. C'est le chat de la fille. : It is the girl's cat.
    C'est le chat du garçon. : It is the boy's cat.

    Though it can also be more general, such as when it is the subject of the sentence. I suppose you could use a general rule, that when you think of the sentence in English, if you use the phrase "about the", then include de in the french sentence.

    i.e. Elle parle de la pomme : She talks about the apple.

    So you get :
    de +le = du
    Il parle du film : He talks about the film. ( the film : le film )

    de + les = des
    Elle parle des pommes : She talks about the apples ( the apple : la pomme )


    Then de can mean from, and is used before infinitive verbs. (infinitive : the source , or root name for the verb.

    The common verbs that require de are :

    verb french
    accept accepter de
    avoid éviter
    choose choisir de
    decide décider de
    deserve mériter de
    do without se passer de
    dream rêver de
    finish finir de
    have just venir de
    hurry se dépêcher
    laugh at rire de
    refuse refuser de
    regret regretter de
    stop s'arrêter de
    take care of s'occuper de
    try *essayer de

    Then the last one:

    verb french
    in order to afin de
    instead of au lieu de
    before avant de
    for pour
    without sans

    I am still not happy with this explanation, and hopefully I will come back and fill in some example sentences. Or perhaps someone else will. Or someone else might come by with a better explanation.

    Please let me know if I have any errors, including spelling errors.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/LaCroixRouge141

    Thank you! I know a couple of its uses, I know "de" plays alot of roles in French grammar as a whole.


    https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

    I will be back, just dealing with another issue at the moment. ༠

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