"A listener called us after the debate."
Translation:Un auditeur nous a appelés après le débat.
"Nous" is the direct object, it is placed before the verb and it is a plural pronoun. Therefore, the past participle agrees with this direct object. If "nous" were 2 women or more, the past participle would be "appelées", in feminine plural.
In "Il nous a téléphoné", "nous" is an indirect object and therefore the past participle remains invariable.
The French imperfect can have several meanings but not about a one-time, past and complete event.
- Un auditeur nous téléphonait = a listener was calling us (past, on-going action) or a listener used to call us (past and repeated event or habit)
Action verbs in past simple do not translate to a past imperfect if the context is not explicitly about an on-going action or a repeated action or habit.
Doesn't "Il nous a telephone" still have "nous" as the direct object. He telephoned us. ???
there was not a plural in the drop down menu or in the translation app. And how can it me a direct object in one sentence and an indirect object in another. French!!
You know from the English sentence that the direct object is "nous", plural (masc or fem), whether the verb is "to call" or "to telephone".
But in French, "appeler" and "téléphoner" do not have the same construction.
With the transitive verb "appeler", the past participle has to agree with the direct object that is placed before the verb: "appelés" or "appelées".
On the other hand, the verb "téléphoner" does not have a direct object because it needs the preposition "à". In this case, since there is no direct object, the past participle remains invariable: "téléphoné".
I don't understand why is isn't "Un auditeur nous a appelé" because the auditeur is singular. What am I not getting?
il nous a "appelé" et pas "appelés" ils nous ont appelés elles nous ont appelées
Sometimes called =appelé(s), sometimes téléphoné, in this same unit. Are they both correct? Could telephoné be used in this sentence?
Both verbs can translate "called", but each has its own construction:
- un auditeur nous a appelé(e)s (agreement with the direct object "nous", in masculine or feminine plural)
- un auditeur nous a téléphoné. (no agreement, because "nous" is an indirect object)
Wow, I am reading this thread over and over.. The only difference that I see in your two sentences are the two verbs. Does the second sentence require à, instead of a.. You said previously up top that the phrase is à téléphoné.. I get this only up to a certain point.. If we just look at the sentence ..He called us.. or a listener called us.
I can't see where I might have used "à téléphoné" and if I did, that was a mistake. The auxiliary "a" and the preposition "à" should not be confused.
"Nous" has the same form as a subject, a direct object and an indirect object.
If I repeat the examples with "him/her" instead of "us", you will see the difference:
- Un auditeur l'a appelé(e): "l'" is elided from "le" or "la", hence the PP in masculine or feminine.
- Un auditeur lui a téléphoné: "lui" stands for "à+il" or "à+elle" as an indirect object. This is why there is no agreement, whoever "lui" is.
So again, "appeler quelqu'un" has a direct object but "téléphoner à quelqu'un" has an indirect object.