"¿La casa tiene dormitorios modernos?"
Translation:Does the house have modern bedrooms?
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Dustin, the "does" comes from the requirements of English grammar. When you form a question in English, and you only have one verb in your clause, you'll add a "do" before the subject:
- The house (subj) has (vb) many bedrooms (obj).
- Does (vb1) the house (subj) have (vb2) many bedrooms (obj)?
- How many bedrooms (obj) does (vb1) the house (subj) have (vb2)?
That comes about because English really doesn't like placing the main verb ("have" in this case) in front of the subject, but usual Germanic grammar requires a verb there. In other Germanic languages (like German, Swedish or Dutch) the questions would look more like this:
- Has the house many bedrooms?
- How many bedrooms has the house?
Some English dialects still use "to have" in this way, but the same word order would also apply to any other verb:
- Fought you with your brother?
- What think your parents?
But again, English doesn't like the main verb there, so it moves the main verb behind the subject and places a dummy "do" where the Germanic word-order rules require a verb:
- Did you fight with your brother?
- What do your parents think?
Spanish is a Romance language, not a Germanic one, so it doesn't have the same restrictions. If you have a yes-or-no question, you'll usually just use the same word order as in a statement, with question marks on either side:
- La casa tiene muchos dormitorios. - The house has many bedrooms.
- ¿La casa tiene muchos dormitorios? - Does the house have many bedrooms?
For questions with a question word, however, the conjugated verb must be placed between the question phrase and the subject, just like where the "do" is placed in English:
- ¿Cuántos dormitorios tiene la casa? - How many bedrooms does the house have?
Dormitorio specifically refers to a bedroom. (You have dormir in the word.) But sometimes you can call bedrooms just "rooms" as well, especially when you refer to the (bed)room of a particular person.
- Raul's bedroom = Raul's room
- el dormitorio de Raúl = la habitación de Raúl
Funny comments about what does the modern room means. Guys, can't you get a clue, there no site for USA, only, people living throughout the world, and have different habits, in former USSR republics, independent states now, it is weird to rent a flat without furniture, it happens, but it is an outstanding situation, not usual here, in West Europe I guess it's the same. Especially if you rent for a vacation, but not only in that case. Besides we have a lot of flats, furnished with old-fashioned soviet-style of 70-90thies of last century furnishing, we usually don't have built-in closets in every apartment, so there's a lot of freestanding furniture for storage. And you can't just throw away host's furniture. No wonder modern people don't like to deal with that, they want flats, repaired in modern style, with modern furniture. National peculiarities, every country has there own, the world is larger than USA