"The apple juice"

Translation:Der Apfelsaft

April 15, 2018

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Why is it der, how to tell between der die and das? please help


gender of a compound word is defined by its last part. here "Apfelsaft" is (masculine) defined by "Saft" (masculine). **note: juice, coffee, tea, wine,... (etc.)... drinks are masculine.


How do you know if a word is masculine or feminine?


You learn it :-)

There are some regular rules, but they're the exceptions. Long-term, you can get a feel for what gender a word should be. But you have to start somewhere. It's better to think of the gender as part of the word itself.


It seems Bier is not masculine


That's correct... ZahidurRah1's post should say that MOST drinks are masculine. Exceptions include: das Bier (beer), die Milch (milk), die Cola (coke/soda), and of course, das Wasser (water).


I like that water, the source of all other drinks, is neutral.


(der) Saft = masc. noun


grammatical properties of compound words are defined by its rightmost part/morpheme



Why is the 'Apfel' in 'Apfelsaft' not in the plural like the 'Orangen' in 'Orangensaft'?


There is no particular reason for it, I suppose. You may have to learn if the singular or plural is used for every kind of juice. Traube-n-saft - Traube = grape, Trauben = grapes, Mangosaft, Birne-n-saft - Birne = pear, Birnen = pears. Germans have similar confusions with different acids. Butyric acid = Buttersäure (Butter = butter, Säure = acid), malic acid = Äpfelsäure (Apfel = apple - Äpfel = apples(!)), formic acid = Ameisensäure (Ameise = ant - Ameisen = ants(!); or jams: Erdbeermarmelade (Erdbeer(e) = Strawberry, Marmelade = jam), Feigenmarmelade (Feigen = figs(!))

well, it is confusing sometimes and you have to learn by heart a lot but eventually you will get a feeling for it (and just stay wondering about Äpfelsäure like every german in every german chemistry course..)


Absolutely Love this answer.


Perhaps because malic acid is found naturally in apples, and contributes to the sour taste of the more sour apples?


Is there any rule about which words can or can't be made into compound words? Are there rules to follow when forming compound words? Or is it 'just learn the words as you go,' like with genders?


Every time I try to learn another language I come across situations like der, die, das, den and it makes me love English that much more. "The" is "the" and "beer" is a word not a gender.


When talking about genders of complex words ("superwords" formed by two words or more), the gender is the same of the last word. Ex.: DER OrangeSAFT - the orange juice, DAS KrankenHAUS - the hospital, DAS ArmBAND - the bracelet, DIE ArmbandUHR - the watch

Hope it helped!


I thought "die" is neutral


how would you know what food is masculine,feminine, and neutral?


The gender of a noun is something you have to learn by heart. There are no special endings or rules that I know of.


Is Saft von Apfel correct?


I don't know if I posted this question already but when do I use "den" instead of "der" for "the"? Is it for certain words or people? Please let me know.


der Apfelsaft was correct


I guess its asking too much for Duo to tell me the gender of the noun...

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