"The apple juice"
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grammatical properties of compound words are defined by its rightmost part/morpheme
There is no particular reason for it, I suppose. You may have to learn if the singular or plural is used for every kind of juice. Traube-n-saft - Traube = grape, Trauben = grapes, Mangosaft, Birne-n-saft - Birne = pear, Birnen = pears. Germans have similar confusions with different acids. Butyric acid = Buttersäure (Butter = butter, Säure = acid), malic acid = Äpfelsäure (Apfel = apple - Äpfel = apples(!)), formic acid = Ameisensäure (Ameise = ant - Ameisen = ants(!); or jams: Erdbeermarmelade (Erdbeer(e) = Strawberry, Marmelade = jam), Feigenmarmelade (Feigen = figs(!))
well, it is confusing sometimes and you have to learn by heart a lot but eventually you will get a feeling for it (and just stay wondering about Äpfelsäure like every german in every german chemistry course..)
When talking about genders of complex words ("superwords" formed by two words or more), the gender is the same of the last word. Ex.: DER OrangeSAFT - the orange juice, DAS KrankenHAUS - the hospital, DAS ArmBAND - the bracelet, DIE ArmbandUHR - the watch
Hope it helped!