"The apple juice"

Translation:Der Apfelsaft

April 15, 2018



Why is the 'Apfel' in 'Apfelsaft' not in the plural like the 'Orangen' in 'Orangensaft'?

October 29, 2018


There is no particular reason for it, I suppose. You may have to learn if the singular or plural is used for every kind of juice. Traube-n-saft - Traube = grape, Trauben = grapes, Mangosaft, Birne-n-saft - Birne = pear, Birnen = pears. Germans have similar confusions with different acids. Butyric acid = Buttersäure (Butter = butter, Säure = acid), malic acid = Äpfelsäure (Apfel = apple - Äpfel = apples(!)), formic acid = Ameisensäure (Ameise = ant - Ameisen = ants(!); or jams: Erdbeermarmelade (Erdbeer(e) = Strawberry, Marmelade = jam), Feigenmarmelade (Feigen = figs(!))

well, it is confusing sometimes and you have to learn by heart a lot but eventually you will get a feeling for it (and just stay wondering about Äpfelsäure like every german in every german chemistry course..)

April 7, 2019


Why is it der, how to tell between der die and das? please help

April 15, 2018


gender of a compound word is defined by its last part. here "Apfelsaft" is (masculine) defined by "Saft" (masculine). **note: juice, coffee, tea, wine,... (etc.)... drinks are masculine.

May 13, 2018


It seems Bier is not masculine

March 4, 2019


That's correct... ZahidurRah1's post should say that MOST drinks are masculine. Exceptions include: das Bier (beer), die Milch (milk), die Cola (coke/soda), and of course, das Wasser (water).

March 4, 2019


How do you know if a word is masculine or feminine?

September 2, 2018


You learn it :-)

There are some regular rules, but they're the exceptions. Long-term, you can get a feel for what gender a word should be. But you have to start somewhere. It's better to think of the gender as part of the word itself.

January 31, 2019


(der) Saft = masc. noun

April 15, 2018


grammatical properties of compound words are defined by its rightmost part/morpheme


May 12, 2018


why don't i say Das Apfelsaft?

September 16, 2018


"Saft" is a masculine word, so it takes the masculine articles. (Ein/Der, Den/Einen). Das is for neuter words. You may want to read Tips and Notes- "The"

In this case, "Apfel" happens to be masculine as well, but the gender of a compound is determined by the second half.

September 24, 2018


Is there any rule about which words can or can't be made into compound words? Are there rules to follow when forming compound words? Or is it 'just learn the words as you go,' like with genders?

April 27, 2019


I thought "die" is neutral

August 9, 2019


Having used Der with Apfelsaft, I am told that is incorrect and the correct term is (wait for it) Der Apfelsaft. Amazing. Not the first time either

October 21, 2018
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