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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Robert7221102

Russian-English Cognates

I started identifying Russian-English cognates (e.g., Anglicism in Russian)... a.k.a., English loan words. Initially, I thought there were only a few... boy was I wrong! Then I found duolingo and pretty much abandoned the project.... nonetheless, here it is, if anyone wants to take a look (it's free); https://leanpub.com/cognates

April 17, 2018

8 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kundoo

Russian-English cognates (e.g., Anglicism in Russian)... a.k.a., English loan words.

That doesn't sound accurate. While some of Russian-English cognates are English loan words, a lot of them came from other languages (I guess, mostly Latin, Greek or French but others too) to both Russian and English. And some of them merely share the same root and developed independently in both languages.

April 17, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/1Pozin2

But how many English words are really English. 30%?

April 17, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Robert7221102

I think 1/3 of them are of French origin?

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Peter594672

And the other 2/3 are German. The few that slip in between are Latin... but perhaps something celtic still can be found?

I guess it all depends on how "really English" is defined.

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mirny7

Probably less. French and Latin combined amounts to ~70% in English dictionaries.

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mirny7

It's just a short list of loan words.

You can search for something like «Словарь иностранных слов» to get much more complete version.

Cognates are a different thing, it's the words coming from the same PIE root.

Like loaf <-> хлеб.

You can look up such words in «Этимологический словарь русского языка» by Фасмер.

April 17, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Peter594672

Some of such pairs are strikingly similar despite being apparently ancient. Like:

wall - вал
talk - толк (as a verbal root)

April 17, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Robert7221102

Thanks for all the help everyone! I need a few more to add to reach 1,000... anyone have any favorites I can add?

May 31, 2018
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