"Enjoy your week!"
Translation:¡Disfruta tu semana!
Disfrutar is used in the imperative mood here. That is, it's being used as a command. In the imperative mood, when used for someone you're informal with and in an affirmative way, you conjugate in the el/ella/usted form. eg Abre la puerta! o Compra una falda.
There are 8 exceptions to this rule: ser (sé, like I know), ir (ve), venir (ven), tener (ten), hacer (haz), decir (di), poner (pon), and salir (sal). eg Ve al cine ahora. o Ten cuidado!
This Duolingo exercise is demonstrating an informal command. Informal commands are sometimes described as tú commands for the sake of simplicity. It is a mistake to describe informal commands as usted commands.
Informal commands are the alternative to formal commands.
Those eight verbs that you identified are exceptional verbs, in part, because they are formed differently in the imperative mood in contrast with the usual way of forming the informal imperative commands.
The answer to your question is no. "Disfrutas" is not even an imperative form of the verb.
The informal tú command is "disfruta". One of the formal (usted) commands is "disfrute". Another formal (ustedes) command is "disfruten".
Any of the preceding three commands is an acceptable translation to this Duolingo exercise.
In countries other than Spain, you can also use the ustedes command to address any group of people, regardless of age or social standing. This is because ustedes is used for both the formal and informal plural in Latin America.
Would a native Spanish speaker translate "¡Disfruta tu semana!" and "¡Disfruta la semana!" differently? The top of this discussion presents the English sentence: "Enjoy your week!" The given translation is: "¡Disfruta tu semana!" However, I answered this problem using the word bank instead of the keyboard. The word bank contained a "la" but no "tu."
I did the Wordbank version and deliberately errored out to force Duolingo to expose its thinking to me, and was told that the correct answer was: ¡Disfruta tu la semna!
Tried to report that there was no TU shown on the Wordbank page to use. But the Report function has been cut down to the point of being nearly totally useless.
It's okay learning any language has it's curve balls that get thrown at you. The reason some of the sentences don't directly translate is because they are the go to sentences for the speakers of these languages. Here's a link that helps motivate me when Im feeling down https://www.distractify.com/fyi/2015/04/13/19NMFR/the-19-most-mind-blowing-sentences-in-the-english-language-1197891759
Unfortunately, not all phrases and sentences in English translate "word for word," into Spanish.
I think these "inconsistent," or "incorrect" translations are for the best, in the long run. I mean, yes, you could directly translate our English phrase into Spanish when you go to a Spanish speaking country. You COULD say, "disfruta tu semana." But then a native speaker would ask you to repeat yourself, and after you oblige, they'll stand there stumped, with a puzzled look on their face. That's what happens when you directly translate phrases that don't actually use the exact same wording in both languages. Believe me, i know.
Personally, i think it's good that Duolingo offers a meaningful translation that the native speakers will understand, rather than a word for word translation.
Exactly, if you say to a native Spanish speaker "Disfruta tu semana", chances are they don't understand what you are talking about (unless they are familiar with the English phrase).
How can someone own a week? Am I someone so important people named a week of the year after me?
"Disfruta el viernes" & "Disfruta la semana" are both correct Spanish sentences. (I am not discussing the Duolingo exercise.) These two Spanish sentences are both highly recommended by the people who know what they are talking about. This construction implies possession in the Spanish language. It is sometimes unnecessary to express possession explicitly. Sometimes the Spanish definite article is used instead of a possessive adjective. And sometimes a possessive adjective is used.
Those two Spanish sentences in the preceding paragraph that use a definite article instead of a possessive adjective are highly controversial Spanish sentences here in this forum of students. There will always be students in the forums who need to unlearn certain things. Myself included.
In lessons like this one, we are learning to become comfortable with more than one option. It is still okay to express possession explicitly by saying "Disfruta tu..." And in this Duolingo exercise, you can see that Duolingo is trying to help you understand that it is okay to say "Disfruta tu..." Right?
Now does anybody need me to give you further assurance that it is okay to say "Disfruta tu..."
Disfruta tu música favorita.
― Enjoy your favorite music.
It's okay. There is nothing to worry about.
As I understand it (from some discussions on the Italian side), the rationale for this is that...why would you tell someone to enjoy anyone else's week, so of course, this means your week. This explanation makes perfect sense. In English, we still typically include the possessive, because, well, we do. In Spanish and Italian, they don't, just because.
I have been trying to read the board comments before posing a question, and there was some really helpful info from those who are replying to our (student) questions! I will say this; Every language has its idiosyncrasies. We just need to roll with those "punches", and be thankful we aren't Spanish speakers learning Ingles !!
But the keyboard is much slower on a tablet or phone. I try to listen to spoken Spanish sentences before reading them. I also try to think of the translation in Spanish before looking at the word bank. Some of the problems require the keyboard input option.
Edit: As you advance to higher crown levels for specific lessons within the lesson tree, Duolingo stops offering the option to use a word bank. (At least on a PC using the Chrome browser.)
quote by AcHoyle:
How can you get this correct when there was no "tu" listed to use in this sentence.
Well, if the Spanish word, tú, is not an option for you, then try using the word, la. There are a number of different solutions to this exercise. So if you can't use the default solution when you answer this exercise, then use a different word or a different combination of words that come close enough to meaning the same thing. Your solution has to come close enough to satisfy the exercise.
quote by mexicanfoodfreak:
Some of the problems require the keyboard input option.
Tell me more. What makes you think that you can't solve the exercise successfully without using the keyboard to do so? Is this something that you think everybody else would have the same problem with (when solving the exercise without a keyboard)?
By the way, have you read the two posts by Salazarman?
I read through the entire thread 5 months ago and now.
I am using the Chrome browser on a PC. Lately, I have been practicing some of the earlier lessons that I have already maxed out all five crown levels. Some of the exercises have the option to either use a keyboard or a word bank to provide the answer. Some exercises do not have the word bank available as an option; therefore, you have to use a keyboard to input the answer. (In timed practice mode, typing out the answer can be challenging because you have to grab your mouse to select any accented characters or Spanish punctuation. You are not marked wrong for omitting accents or punctuation, but I prefer to use them to strengthen my memory.)
I just completed a lesson for Information-3 in the 5th level of the lesson tree. I have not even earned the first crown for this lesson. Every problem except multiple choice problems offered the word bank option in addition to the keyboard option. https://www.duolingo.com/skill/es/People-3/4
When I did a lesson in Family-2 for which I working towards the 5th crown level, none of the exercises offered an option to use a word bank.
The idea of possession can be implied in the Spanish language. When you use the definite article in Spanish, Spanish eyes and ears are understanding you to mean "the." But they are also reading between the lines. This exercise demonstrates another one of the Spanish ways of communicating possession.
More than one term (la, tu, su) is acceptable in real life. But I don't know if all the correct solutions have been added to the Duolingo database of answers. Sometimes we (students) have to report a few missing solutions.
If you want more explanations, then I suggest that you search for my reply to fiberjira. Look at the browser's menu and use the browser's Search (Find) functions.
One of the alternative answers is ¡Disfrute su semana! This particular answer is the formal (polite) way to say "Enjoy your week!"
If Duolingo does not accept this answer, then please report it.
The word, sus, is an incorrect choice because the speaker is talking about one week (in the singular.)
I must caution you: Don't mix the formal with the informal. Instead you must ensure that the entire sentence is constructed in a formal manner (unless you prefer to speak informally).
Another alternative solution: ¡Disfrute la semana!
The Spanish language does not always indicate possession in the same way that English does. As my example illustrates, many Spanish speakers like to choose alternatives to a possessive adjective when an opportunity arises. Instead of a possessive adjective, the definite article suffices in this sentence. Even so, the possessive meaning of the omitted word is implicit because of the context.
thanks for your explanation Phillip - I am not very good with grammar (nor is English my first language), so I seem to be learning more by intuition. Took me about three go's to work out what your explanation meant, but I think I got it now :-)
Thank you for taking the time to help us beginners out when our brain wants to catch on fire...
Re the cluttering: my apologies - I probably should have edited the original post, will try to remember for next time! My problem is, that if I ask the question in relation to one phrase, it doesn't mean I remember it for the next - hence I may have doubled up on different questions/phrases.
Is there a way to track the questions you have asked? (Like the "activity log" option on FB?) That would be really helpful, so you could build your personal "worksheet".
If you are viewing this web page in a browser such as Chrome or Internet Explorer or Opera, then you can use the Find or the Search command to help you locate all of your own posts that are showing on this web page that you are now reading.
At either of those web pages, you can search for your own posts. Search for yourself, AScam0.
- Do you always use the same browser? If so, then you will benefit from bookmarking (saving favorites) your forum web pages so that you can find them easily. Create folders for your bookmarks in the browser for this purpose.
What a wonderful bulletin board this is. ☺
Now that you are becoming familiar with the limitations of this bulletin board, you can more easily appreciate why it is advantageous to bookmark your (web pages of your) own posts in the browser. If you don't create multiple folders for this purpose, your bookmarks will be disorganized.
Edit: On the other hand, if you possess the computer skills to enable yourself to add userscripts, then the best solution for you is to add the userscript, "DuoDirectLinks".
The userscript, "DuoDirectLinks", developed by FireyCat, can be found at the Userscripts page. It adds a small button beside usernames that leads to specific comments. It also adds a button for activity events.
'Tu' is not there among the options!
And that's okay. If one of the exercises does not permit the student to select the word, tu, then this is okay. You can use the definite article instead. If you were not already aware of this fact, then this experience causes you to learn.
If there are no other good options, then the exercise is malfunctioning.
Enjoy your week is an imperative (commanding) sentence, so you have to use verbs (conjugated) in imperative tense/mood.
Imperative of 'disfrutar': - tú: disfruta - usted: disfrute - nosotros: disfrutemos - ustedes: disfruten
The subject of the verb and the possesive pronoun need to match in both person and number, meaning the following combinations are possible: - ¡Disfruta tu semana! - ¡Disfrute su semana! - ¡Disfrutemos nuestra semana! - ¡Disfruten su semana!
The first, second and fourth all mean 'Enjoy your week!' (1st one adressing 1 person informally, 2nd one adressing 1 person formally and the 4th one adressing multiple persons either formally or informally) while the 3rd one is a command to 'us', meaning something along the lines of: 'Let's enjoy our week!'
Despite all that being said, the most natural way to say it would still be to drop out the possesive pronoun altogether and just say '¡Disfruta/e/emos/en LA semana!"
Because it's a different tense. Disfrutas means 'you enjoy' in the simple present tense, but this sentence is using the present imperative tense, i.e you are instructing somebody to do something, so the verb conjugation is different, thus:
enjoy your = disfrutA tu
enjoy his/her/your (formal) = disfrutE su
It's easier to distinguish the two tenses with this example using the verb "go":
Present tense: You go to the supermarket
Imperative tense: Go away!
I think the problem here sometimes is expecting full and complete translation word for word. From what I understand, 'Disfruta' which means 'enjoy', when being used to talk to someone directly, it is obvious that you are aiming that you are wanting them to enjoy something. With days of the week, we have 'el' in front of them. The same rule applies for 'week' ie 'semana'. However, take into consideration that this word is feminine.
Enjoy your Monday - Disfruta el lunes
Enjoy your week - Disfruta la semana ('la' because 'semana' is feminine)
Hope this helps people and that I haven't made anything more confusing!!
If you prefer to translate the English definite article into Spanish by saying "la," then you have my blessing. And likewise, if you prefer to translate from Spanish to English. Or if you prefer to translate the English possessive adjective ("your") into Spanish by saying "tu," then you have my blessing.
You would do well to give a blessing to the people who prefer to say "¡Disfruta la semana!" (instead of tu semana!) Because "¡Disfruta la semana!" is colloquial Spanish. It is a popular Spanish phrasing. Popular Spanish is here today. It is alive and well.
Colloquial Spanish needs to be appreciated. The priority is not necessarily to create a word by word translation. Instead, you are being challenged by the exercise to learn to think in phrases instead of individual words.
There is more than one answer to this Duolingo exercise. I want to emphasize this again. There are more than two answers to this Duolingo exercise.
examples of some correct solutions:
¡Disfruta la semana!
¡Disfruta tu semana!
If these answers are not accepted, please report.
another topic of discussion:
I am adding one last point: If you were thinking that this exercise is about weekends, then you were mistaken about this. I know, of course, that you already understand the difference between a week and a weekend.
We might imagine that other students have had this same experience before you did. But they did not report it. If somebody had reported it in the past, then the problem would have been corrected before you experienced it.
Well, I don't see anything confusing about your Spanish sentence. It is a good Spanish sentence. ☺
I am going to translate your Spanish sentence into English so that the readers can compare with the Duolingo exercise. Your sentence is a good sentence to use as a declarative statement. And we also have the option of adding some question marks to your sentence if we want to ask this as a question instead of a statement. When spoken vocally, the only difference between using your sentence as a statement instead of a question is the spoken inflection.
Spanish indicative mood:
Disfrutas tu semana.
― You are enjoying your week.
Spanish indicative mood:
¿Disfrutas tu semana?
― Are you enjoying your week?
Compare with the imperative mood of the Duolingo exercise:
¡Disfruta tu semana!
Enjoy your week!
It accepted "Disfruta la semana!". When I opened forum, it's showing "Disfruta tu semana!" as a correct answer. Earlier, I've seen "Disfruta el viernes!". Someone in another forum said "Disfruta su viernes". This is frustrating, what should I use: la, tu, el or su?! And in which contexts are these used? Gracias!
I think whoever is putting the lesson should get their unstable minds together and stop confusing learners. The last time i learn about it "disfruta tu semana" now it is "disfruta la semana".
How do you expect leaners to remeber you're flip over and over again. It's frustrating