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~yer verbs in present tense

Links: Verbs ~er group:4 important spelling rules , learning loom

Verbs ending in ~yer are a special group of the ~er verbs.

1- There are a small number of them that follow the standard ~er pattern, but they also live a double life - and they can choose to change the " y " to an " i ". - ~ayer verbs. (actually you get to choose which way.)

The most common verb that seems to be used from this group is " essayer ": to try out / to test. It is the writer and speakers choice as to which ending they use. The pattern goes like:

  • j'essaie -or- j'essaye
  • tu essaies -or- tu essayes
  • il essaies elle essaies , on essaies -or- il essayes, elle essayes, on essayes
  • nous essayons
  • vous essayez
  • ils essaient, elles essaient -or- ils essayent, elles essayent

to hear how these sound press here and press the play button on INDICATIF - Présent

Take note how each version sounds that little bit different.
As PERCE_NEIGE has pointed out to me,the letter combination "ai" makes the sound/is pronounced " è " . This accent " è " is known as l'accent grave pour è.

NOTE: the spelling rule that says you change the " y " to an " i " before a silent / mute " e ". Thus the " y " is always retained for "nous" and "vous", as the endings "~ons" and "~ez" are pronounced.

2- There is a very tiny group of ~eyer verbs, which seem to only follow they standard pattern. ie. capeyer: to lie to ; and grasseyer: to have guttural pronunciation.

je capeye, tu capeyes, il capeye, nous capeyons, vous capeyez, ils capeyent ;

je grasseye, tu grasseyes, il grasseye, nous grasseyons, vous grasseyez, ils grasseyent.

3-. As well there are two other major groups ~oyer and ~uyer. For them you always change the " y " to an " i ", then add the standard " ~er " ending.

(please also be aware - this article is yet to be 'peer reviewed' - in this instance - actually reviewed by someone who is skilled in french. This is currently my interpretations of text and references)

April 22, 2014

5 Comments


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Examples of ~ayer verbs:

  • bayer :to gape
  • bégayer : to shut
  • déblayer : to clear, dig
  • débrayer : to stop work, disconnect
  • délayer : to mix, thin down, spin out
  • désembrayer : to make a break
  • désenrayer : to desert, leave
  • dilayer : to dilate
  • drayer : to wrap
  • embrayer : to set in motion, to let in the clutch
  • essayer : to try out, to test
  • monnayer : to convert into cash, to make money from
  • aiguayer : to lean, press
  • payer : to pay
  • rayer : to photgraph by x-ray
  • relayer : to relieve, take over from
  • remblayer : to bank up, fill in
  • zézayer : to have a lisp
April 22, 2014

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This is a podcast / discussion on essayer. (http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/C'est+la+vie/ID/1543982730/)

And here are some examples of essayer in sentences: - J’essaie d’apprendre le Français. (I try to learn French.) - Tu essaies de perdre du poids. (You try to lose weight.) - On essaie d’aller plus vite. (We try to go faster.) - Ils essaient d’arriver à l’heure. (They try to arrive on time.)

April 22, 2014

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Examples of ~uyer verbs . NOTE, they always change the " y " to an " i " before a silent " e ". Thus "nous' and "vous" retain the " y ", while "je, il, elle, ons, ils, elles" all change the "y" to an "i".

  • appuyer : to lean something on, to rest on
  • désennuyer : to amuse
  • ennuyer : to bother, to bore
  • essuyer : to wipe, to dry dishes
  • réappuyer : to pay again
  • s'ennuyer : to bore yourself
  • ressuyer :to wipe again
April 22, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

Examples of ~oyer verbs . NOTE, they always change the " y " to an " i " before a silent " e ". Thus "nous' and "vous" retain the " y ", while "je, il, elle, ons, ils, elles" all change the "y" to an "i". This is the largest of the ~yer ending verbs. Below are three examples, and include sound files.

April 22, 2014

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aboyer (to bark) ; apitoyer (to move to pity) ; atermoyer (to procrastinate) ; avoyer ;
blanchoyer ; blondoyer ; bordoyer ; bornoyer ; broyer ;
carroyer ; charroyer ; chatoyer ; choyer ; convoyer ; corroyer ; côtoyer ; coudoyer ;
dénoyer ; déployer ; dévoyer ;
employer ; ennoyer ; envoyer ; éployer ;
festoyer ; flamboyer ; fossoyer ; foudroyer ; fourvoyer ;
giboyer ; grossoyer ;
hongroyer ;
jointoyer ;
larmoyer ; louvoyer ;
merdoyer ; moyer ;
nettoyer ; noyer ;
octroyer ; ondoyer ;
paumoyer ; plaidoyer ; ployer ; poudroyer ;
redéployer ; réemployer ; réenvoyer ; rejointoyer ; remployer ; renettoyer ; renvoyer ; reployer ; royer ; rudoyer ;
soudoyer ;
tournoyer ; tutoyer ;
verdoyer ; vousoyer ; voussoyer ; vouvoyer

April 22, 2014
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