~yer verbs in present tense
Verbs ending in ~yer are a special group of the ~er verbs.
1- There are a small number of them that follow the standard ~er pattern, but they also live a double life - and they can choose to change the " y " to an " i ". - ~ayer verbs. (actually you get to choose which way.)
The most common verb that seems to be used from this group is " essayer ": to try out / to test. It is the writer and speakers choice as to which ending they use. The pattern goes like:
- j'essaie -or- j'essaye
- tu essaies -or- tu essayes
- il essaies elle essaies , on essaies -or- il essayes, elle essayes, on essayes
- nous essayons
- vous essayez
- ils essaient, elles essaient -or- ils essayent, elles essayent
to hear how these sound press here and press the play button on INDICATIF - Présent
Take note how each version sounds that little bit different.
As PERCE_NEIGE has pointed out to me,the letter combination "ai" makes the sound/is pronounced " è " . This accent " è " is known as l'accent grave pour è.
NOTE: the spelling rule that says you change the " y " to an " i " before a silent / mute " e ". Thus the " y " is always retained for "nous" and "vous", as the endings "~ons" and "~ez" are pronounced.
2- There is a very tiny group of ~eyer verbs, which seem to only follow they standard pattern. ie. capeyer: to lie to ; and grasseyer: to have guttural pronunciation.
je capeye, tu capeyes, il capeye, nous capeyons, vous capeyez, ils capeyent ;
je grasseye, tu grasseyes, il grasseye, nous grasseyons, vous grasseyez, ils grasseyent.
3-. As well there are two other major groups ~oyer and ~uyer. For them you always change the " y " to an " i ", then add the standard " ~er " ending.
(please also be aware - this article is yet to be 'peer reviewed' - in this instance - actually reviewed by someone who is skilled in french. This is currently my interpretations of text and references)
Examples of ~ayer verbs:
- bayer :to gape
- bégayer : to shut
- déblayer : to clear, dig
- débrayer : to stop work, disconnect
- délayer : to mix, thin down, spin out
- désembrayer : to make a break
- désenrayer : to desert, leave
- dilayer : to dilate
- drayer : to wrap
- embrayer : to set in motion, to let in the clutch
- essayer : to try out, to test
- monnayer : to convert into cash, to make money from
- aiguayer : to lean, press
- payer : to pay
- rayer : to photgraph by x-ray
- relayer : to relieve, take over from
- remblayer : to bank up, fill in
- zézayer : to have a lisp
This is a podcast / discussion on essayer. (http://www.cbc.ca/player/Radio/C'est+la+vie/ID/1543982730/)
And here are some examples of essayer in sentences: - J’essaie d’apprendre le Français. (I try to learn French.) - Tu essaies de perdre du poids. (You try to lose weight.) - On essaie d’aller plus vite. (We try to go faster.) - Ils essaient d’arriver à l’heure. (They try to arrive on time.)
Examples of ~uyer verbs . NOTE, they always change the " y " to an " i " before a silent " e ". Thus "nous' and "vous" retain the " y ", while "je, il, elle, ons, ils, elles" all change the "y" to an "i".
- appuyer : to lean something on, to rest on
- désennuyer : to amuse
- ennuyer : to bother, to bore
- essuyer : to wipe, to dry dishes
- réappuyer : to pay again
- s'ennuyer : to bore yourself
- ressuyer :to wipe again
Examples of ~oyer verbs . NOTE, they always change the " y " to an " i " before a silent " e ". Thus "nous' and "vous" retain the " y ", while "je, il, elle, ons, ils, elles" all change the "y" to an "i". This is the largest of the ~yer ending verbs. Below are three examples, and include sound files.
aboyer (to bark) ;
apitoyer (to move to pity) ;
atermoyer (to procrastinate) ;
blanchoyer ; blondoyer ; bordoyer ; bornoyer ; broyer ;
carroyer ; charroyer ; chatoyer ; choyer ; convoyer ; corroyer ; côtoyer ; coudoyer ;
dénoyer ; déployer ; dévoyer ;
employer ; ennoyer ; envoyer ; éployer ;
festoyer ; flamboyer ; fossoyer ; foudroyer ; fourvoyer ;
giboyer ; grossoyer ;
larmoyer ; louvoyer ;
merdoyer ; moyer ;
nettoyer ; noyer ;
octroyer ; ondoyer ;
paumoyer ; plaidoyer ; ployer ; poudroyer ;
redéployer ; réemployer ; réenvoyer ; rejointoyer ; remployer ; renettoyer ; renvoyer ; reployer ; royer ; rudoyer ;
tournoyer ; tutoyer ;
verdoyer ; vousoyer ; voussoyer ; vouvoyer