Different German word usage (die, der, das)
I know this has probably been asked a lot, but does anyone have any good explanations/resources for the different "versions" for German words, such as "Die, Der, Das", or different words like "isst, esst, etc"? It would be great if I could find a easy way to decide which one goes for what situation. Danke für die Hilfe!
der/die/das are articles for German nouns.
"DER" = male gender
Words that end with -en (der Regen) / -er (der Lehrer) / -or (der Moderator) / -ling (der Schmetterling) / -ich (der Pfirsich) / -el (der Spiegel) / -ismus (der Optimismus) / -ant (der Praktikant)
- male animals (der Löwe) /
- names of cars (der Mercedes, der BMW)
"DIE" = female gender
Words that end with -heit (die Schönheit) / -keit (die Freundlichkeit) / -ei (die Schlägerei) / -ung (die Rechnung) / -in (die Lehrerin) / -ion (die Perfektion) / -tät (die Qualität) / -ik (die Kritik)
- female animals (die Löwin) /
- names of ships (die Queen Mary, die Titanic) /
- names of motorcycles (die Harley, die BMW) /
- names of bus, metro lines (die Fünf, die 32)
"DAS" = neutral gender
Words that end with -chen (das Mädchen) / -lein (das Fräulein) / -tel (das Viertel) / -um (das Eigentum) / -em (das System) / -ma (das Komma) / -nis (das Ergebnis) / -zeug (das Schreibzeug)
The gender of all other words just have to be learned by heart.