https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Septillion

Different German word usage (die, der, das)

I know this has probably been asked a lot, but does anyone have any good explanations/resources for the different "versions" for German words, such as "Die, Der, Das", or different words like "isst, esst, etc"? It would be great if I could find a easy way to decide which one goes for what situation. Danke für die Hilfe!

April 18, 2018

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Mia797420

der/die/das are articles for German nouns.

"DER" = male gender

Words that end with -en (der Regen) / -er (der Lehrer) / -or (der Moderator) / -ling (der Schmetterling) / -ich (der Pfirsich) / -el (der Spiegel) / -ismus (der Optimismus) / -ant (der Praktikant)

  • male animals (der Löwe) /
  • names of cars (der Mercedes, der BMW)

"DIE" = female gender

Words that end with -heit (die Schönheit) / -keit (die Freundlichkeit) / -ei (die Schlägerei) / -ung (die Rechnung) / -in (die Lehrerin) / -ion (die Perfektion) / -tät (die Qualität) / -ik (die Kritik)

  • female animals (die Löwin) /
  • names of ships (die Queen Mary, die Titanic) /
  • names of motorcycles (die Harley, die BMW) /
  • names of bus, metro lines (die Fünf, die 32)

"DAS" = neutral gender

Words that end with -chen (das Mädchen) / -lein (das Fräulein) / -tel (das Viertel) / -um (das Eigentum) / -em (das System) / -ma (das Komma) / -nis (das Ergebnis) / -zeug (das Schreibzeug)

The gender of all other words just have to be learned by heart.

April 18, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/PatCantDuo

Der, die, and das are the definite articles of the nominative case or “the”. Der is for masculine nouns, die is for feminine nouns, and das is for neuter nouns. Words like “isst” and “esst” are just conjugated forms of “essen” which means “to eat”

April 18, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Seattle_Scott

This. I have this open in another browser window and I'm starting to get it. These tables are very helpful.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_articles

April 20, 2018
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