https://www.duolingo.com/aditysn

When to use im, in and ins

When to use im, in and ins?

April 19, 2018

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Mia797420

"in" needs to come together with a definite article : - Ich bin in dem Zug (>> der Zug) / I'm in the train - Ich bin in der Küche (>> die Küche) / I'm in the kitchen - Ich bin in dem Bad (>> das Bad) / I'm in the bathroom

  • Ich steige in den Zug / I enter into the train
  • Ich gehe in die Küche / I go into the kitchen
  • Ich gehe in das Bad / I go into the bathroom

"im" is the short form of "in dem" (dative object, male/neutral): - Ich bin im Zug / I'm in the train - Ich bin im Bad / I'm in the bathroom

There is no short form for "in der" (dative object, female)

"ins" is the short form of "in das" (accusative object): - Ich gehe ins Bad / I go into the bathroom

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Wobblz

Es lohnt sich, darauf hinzuweisen, dass "... in dem..." ist falsch und sollte nicht benutzt werden. "in dem" ist immer "im."

April 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/ParPortas

Dem kann ich nicht zustimmen. "im" ist definitiv die Abkürzung vom immernoch gültigen "in dem". Bei juristischen Ausformulierungen und in Geschäftsbriefen würde ich niemals das umgangssprachlichere "im" benutzen. In der Umgangssprache klingt es aber oft veraltet oder zu förmlich.

April 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/aditysn

Thank you..This is helpful :)

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/slamRN

Danke.

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Xania77

Im= you are already there: Ich bin im Bett - I am in bed ("im" is the short from "in dem", but Ich bin in dem Bett sounds bad)

In, Ins = you will go there: Ich gehe in das Bett oder Ich gehe ins Bett. - I go to bed

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/aditysn

Thank you..This is helpful :)

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Anna924458

Well as xania1977 has already explained is "im" more a way of say ich bin in dem haus but "im"/"ins" are shortenings for : "in dem" (im) and "ins" (in das).

in: you often use when you wanna say you go somewhere which is an expression of a definite object: in mein Haus, in deine Küche...

But "ins" is more general. You go somewhere ( without an owner or a public space): ich gehe ins Schwimmbad, ich gehe ins Wohnzimmer (but it is not said whose living room it is).

April 19, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/aditysn

Danke

April 20, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/ParPortas

perfect example! You would also use "in dem" instead of "im" if there are for example more than one house and you want to emphasize in which one you are. If for example someone asks in which house you are. You can raise the arm and show it by saying "Ich bin in dem Haus dort." You use it if you differ because you would never say "im oder im " instead of "in dem oder in dem" if you talk about if something is for example in one of two cases and use your arm to hold it in the directions but you could say "im grünen oder im roten Koffer" (im ... oder im ...) if you give details too.

April 20, 2018
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