"The girl has a book."

Translation:La fille a un livre.

April 19, 2018

This discussion is locked.


Why 'un livre' not 'une livre' ?


"Livre" is a masculine noun so the masculine article un corresponds with that. un livre.

[deactivated user]

    Are there rules in French determining when a word (or noun) is masculine, feminine, or neuter?

    • There is no "neuter" gender in French. Only masculine and feminine.
    • There are no 100% guaranteed gender determining rules. You must learn the gender of the word when you learn its meaning. However, there are some patterns to recognize them.

    [deactivated user]

      OK, thank you. Could you give me some of the patterns that you mentioned? I'm rather new to french, though I love it, and would love to gather some rules or, what you called, patterns.


      It's mostly an 'it sounds right' system that's instinctual for natives like when to use "a" or "an" in English. Here are the "patterns" in flashcard format: https://tinycards.duolingo.com/decks/bfNY8E/french-gender-hacker

      [deactivated user]

        Thanks, this made me make even more notes! Je vous remercie!

        'an' goes before words starting with vowels (an apple). 'a' goes before words starting with consonants (a pear).


        As georgeoftruth wrote, you have to learn the gender of the word when you learn the meaning. The easiest way to do this is to memorize the indefinite article along with the word. Une pomme, un vélo, une voiture, etc. However, while not 100% guaranteed, certain noun endings may give you a clue. Here's a useful post.


        Isnt this "a girl and a book"


        No, "and" in French is "et."

        "A" is the verb avoir conjugated to the third person singular. elle a → she has


        How come it is un for a instead une, I thought une was used whenever a female is mentioned


        The article corresponds with the noun being used. "Fille" is a feminine noun so the girl is "la fille." "Livre" is a masculine noun, a book is "un livre."

        If it helps, just think that all nouns fit into two categories. Feminine and masculine are convenient labels, but it doesn't have anything to do with the nature of the object being feminine or masculine. There is nothing particularly feminine about une table, a table, that is just the category it belongs to. Logic won't help you determine the category (outside of the obvious female people are feminine and male people are masculine). They could be called X and Y rather than feminine and masculine. The point is you will need to memorize the article that belongs to the noun whenever you learn a new word. This will save you a lot of trouble down the road as your vocabulary grows.


        What is my name in french.brijesh


        why cant it be "une livre"?


        The word "livre" is masculine in French. "un livre"


        Why is this incorrect?


        Why is what incorrect?

        [deactivated user]

          Shouldn't 'un' be 'une' since the sentence is reffering to a girl?


          Each individual noun within a sentence is either feminine or masculine.
          fille (feminine) → la fille → the girl
          livre (masculine) → un livre → a book


          A is for has in french?


          "A" is the verb avoir (meaning to have) conjugated for the third person singular:

          tu as
          il/elle/on a
          nous avons
          vous avez
          ils/elles ont


          What is the difference between "La" and "L' "? I know both mean "The" in English but when do you use one over the other? Thank you!


          La and le come before consonant sounds in French. This includes the "h aspiré," or when h acts as a consonant. Ex. la musique, la pomme, le stylo, le hibou

          L' is used before vowel sounds. This includes the "h muet. Ex. l'orange, l'hôtel, l'école, l'armée


          Why is it not une?


          Because "un livre" is masculine. Always.


          Why is it un livre when livre ends with an e


          Not all words ending in E are feminine. "Un homme" (a man) for example, is not feminine, but it ends in E.


          So i thought any form of "a" when used in a sentence that has boy or girl in it HAD to be the corresponding "un/une"? Does an inanimate object uses a masculine "un"?


          Every inanimate object has their own gender. You must learn them when you learn a new word. All other words in the sentence don't matter. A book is always masculine, no matter who has it.


          Why isn't it vuet? I thought vuet was a conjugated vous


          Are you sure you're commenting on the correct sentence discussion? There is no "vous" here, pronouns are not conjugated, and "vuet" is not a French word.


          Why not "L'fille"?


          Because "fille" does not start with a vowel.


          How do you write "Have", "Had" in French


          the girl had a book → la fille a eu un livre (passé composé)

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