Singular vs plural
There are differences between how Hungarian and English uses plurals.
The main one, as most of you noticed already, if you are doing this course, that after numbers, Hungarian doesn't use the plural form. Egy kutya, két kutya, három kutya (one dog, two dogs, three dogs)
Similarly for Sok/kevés/néhány.
Látok sok kutyát / néhány kutyát.
The following refers to the Possessives skills and this is trickier:
If the object is usually in pairs: boots, shoes, socks: Plural in English but singular in Hungarian. Leveszem a cipőmet. I take off my shoes. (You could say Leveszem a cipőimet, but that sounds less natural in Hungarian.)
If multiple people own something. Our toothbrushes. Their phones.
Here, if usually everyone has one each (everyone has their own toothbrush), you can still use the singular in Hungarian. A ti fogkefétek koszos. Your toothbrushes are dirty. Az ő telefonjuk nem csöng. Their phones don’t ring.
But it is ambiguous, a ti fogkefétek can also be a shared tootbrush. Then use singular in English.
Also, if you think from context that it is not one for each, but just one thing, it is singular for both Hungarian and English. Our dog. A mi kutyánk. (We are a family and we have one dog.)
Feel free to add your own thoughts or correct me:)
What about scissors and trousers which are really singular but are treated as plurals in English.
How do you distinguish between "I'm going to take of my shoe" and "... shoes" if shoes is sungular
Yes, scissors and trousers are peculiar in English, they are singular in most other languages.
Leveszem a cipőmet. I take off my shoes.
Leveszem az egyik cipőmet. I take off my shoe. (only one shoe)
Well, maybe "Leveszem a cipőmet" can be just one shoe too. It depends on context.
well scissors is plural at least in Russian, Finnish, French, Spanish, Polish, Ukrainian so I doubt it's singular in most languages
Singular in Hungarian, but plural in English, in a table:
|given quantity||öt kutya||five dogs|
|sok alma||a lot of apples|
|kevés alma||few apples|
|paired body part||Kék a szeme.||He has blue eyes.|
|paired clothing item||Leveszem a cipőmet.||I take off my shoes.|
|one for each||A lányok szoknyában vannak.||The girls are wearing skirts.|
|always plural in English||farmer||jeans|
|nadrág||pants (US), trousers (UK)|
|pizsama||Pajamas (US) pyjamas (UK)|
|in general||Szeretem az almát.||I like apples.|
|unknown quantity??||Hoztam virágot.||I brought flowers.|