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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Sam696384

mich and dich, mir and dir

hey guys, have always wondered the protocol behind mich and mir and dich and dir, i know both mean me and you, but am confused as when to use both, are they just interchangable or is there a rule concerning this?

April 20, 2018

6 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/birgit72635

Hi Sam, in German we have four cases. And whenever you put a personal pronoun into a sentence to you have to be aware which case to use.

Ich gebe dir ein Bild. You could ask: Wem gebe ich ein Bild? The answer to the question is in the dative case, so you use dir.

Er gibt mir ein Bild. Wem gibt er ein Bild? mir =dative

Ich male dich. You could ask: Wen male ich? The answer to this question is dich = accusative case.

Er malt mich. Wen malt er? mich = accusative

You see, the usage is depending what function this word has in the particular sentence. There are some more rules.. ;-) If youwant to know more just ask..


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Liam_Doyle_Zwei

is it bad that i still dont understand? ive been researching the cases, watching videos, and reading. i still dont understand all of the dative and nominative and accusative and whatever. it's really frusturating, and i just dont get it


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/BethVeasey

which one you use depends on whether it is the direct object (accusative case) (mich, dich) or the indirect object (dative case) (mir, dir) in the sentence.

I give you the prize. Ich gebe dir den Preis.

I love you. Ich liebe dich.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/ParPortas

But still there are Germans here that can not cope with this too. Sometimes it is used wrong in jokes too.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/7hAu0bvY

in jokes yes. (i too do this sometimes simply to annoy my brother.) but i do not know one single german who really can not cope with what.

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