mich and dich, mir and dir
hey guys, have always wondered the protocol behind mich and mir and dich and dir, i know both mean me and you, but am confused as when to use both, are they just interchangable or is there a rule concerning this?
Hi Sam, in German we have four cases. And whenever you put a personal pronoun into a sentence to you have to be aware which case to use.
Ich gebe dir ein Bild. You could ask: Wem gebe ich ein Bild? The answer to the question is in the dative case, so you use dir.
Er gibt mir ein Bild. Wem gibt er ein Bild? mir =dative
Ich male dich. You could ask: Wen male ich? The answer to this question is dich = accusative case.
Er malt mich. Wen malt er? mich = accusative
You see, the usage is depending what function this word has in the particular sentence. There are some more rules.. ;-) If youwant to know more just ask..