MOGOTT vs HATUL
I am confused by hatul and mogott. And that's not all! Is there somewhere on the net that lays out the simple grammatical rules for Hungarian? I am a beginner. And I am really struggling.
"Mögött" is a postposition, it exactly means behind. Examples:
"Az autó mögött" - Behind the car
"A ház mögött" - Behind the house
"Mögöttem" - Behind me (note, that it gots a personal possessive ending here, it can do that for other persons: mögötted, mögötte, etc.)
"Hátul" is an adverb, it roughly means "back there" or "behind", if behind is not used as a preposition, but as an adverb. Examples:
"Hátul állok" - I stand behind / in the back (e.g. in the back of a crowd)
"Hol van az autó? Hátul." - Where is the car? Back there. (e.g. behind the house)
I am glad to see someone who tries to learn Hungarian, and even goes deep enough to struggle with it. As for a complete Hungarian grammar, I cannot help you, the only one I found online was a pdf copy of a 1909 book, and it is not up to date enough, I am afraid.
But feel free to ask for our help anytime, we would be glad to be of service.
thank you! I was in Beautiful Budapest last month and very embarrassed by my lack of language skills.
Really? And how did you like the city?
Otherwise, don't be embarrassed. It is quite a challange to learn another language, especially one so different. Be proud of yourself and keep learning!
I suggest using the Hungarian-English Learner's Dictionary (Magyar–angol tanulószótár) for you and everyone: