https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dessert-Rose

Interesting Table About Adjective Declensions

Hello everyone,

Here is an awesome table concerning adjective declensions, sounds confusing, but it is not if you understand it.

Have fun! AP4418

April 22, 2018

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/kzqqbq

Great table, thanks. This is just the kind of thing that makes learning the language doable. What the table is missing though is the strong declension, when no article is used. In answer to the previous post, I've always heard that the endings of adjectives change depending on whether information about the noun gender had already been provided by the articles, definite or indefinite, or the lack of an article (weak, mixed or strong inflection, respectively). When less information is included through the presence of the article, the adjective ending must provide more information. Each of these (strong, weak, mixed) have some additional rules (eg., when a quantity is indicated through etwas, wenig, ..., strong declension is used). Hard to imagine that this is easy even for a native speaker, until I realize that that same kind if stuff happens in some degree in English, but we all just get a sense of what sounds right from childhood.

April 22, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Seattle_Scott
April 23, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

I agree - it looks very elegantly displayed.

At the top of the table it says:
Adjektivdeklination mit bestimmten und unbestimmten Artikel im Singular und mit bestimmterm bzw. ohne Artikel im Plural ,

which I translate into :
Adjective declension with definite and indefinite articles in the singular and with definite or without articles in the plural

Could, well anyone, explain the table, using as simple language as possible ?

April 22, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dessert-Rose

I'll give it a try:

'Declension' means "the variation of the form of a noun, pronoun, or adjective, by which its grammatical case, number, and gender are identified."

Examples:

Noun: e.g. 'apple' - (and increasing in number) 'apples'. The form changed in that an "s" is added.

Pronoun: e.g. 'the' - (and when the noun it precedes is plural) 'these'. The form changed in that an "es' is added.

Adjective: e.g 'big' - (when the person, object, scenario etc. it describes changes it becomes:) for example, 'bigger'.

Basically, a 'declension' is the description of change from the root form.

So, "adjective declension with definite [e.g. 'the'] and indefinite [a/an] articles in the singular [and adjective declension] with definite or without articles in the plural" means that it describes the/a change from the root form of a noun, pronoun or adjective.

I hope this makes sense. A shorter description is possible though!

April 23, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daKanga

Thank you Dessert-Rose. And thank you also to the other contributors to this discussion.

April 23, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/stoopher

these is the plural form of this, not the

April 23, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Hetaurus

Splendid cheat sheet, thanks. Here you are, take a lingot.

April 23, 2018
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