"Do I get off here?"
First of all, place and time have different rules.
The adverbial phrase of place ALWAYS goes directly before the verb unless the verb is 住. 住 takes the adverbial phrase after: 住在…. That is the only exception I know of.
Time point (when the action takes place, for example: Monday, last year, mornings) can go before or after the subject.
Time duration (for how long the action takes place, for example: three years, two minutes, a long time) is an adverbial phrase. There are sentence structures for putting it before or after the verb.