"Vous mangez une pomme froide."
Translation:You are eating a cold apple.
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Up to now, I've been working under the impression that only color adjectives go after the noun. Mostly it seems we talk about for example "une petite robe," but "a small red dress" would be "une petite robe rouge."
Given that, why, in this instance, is the adjective "froide" coming after the noun? Why not "une froide pomme"?
The basic rule is that adjectives go after the noun. The exception is that “BANGS” adjectives go before the noun. BANGS = attributes of Beauty, Age, Number, Goodness and Size. In your example “une petite robe rouge” “petite” is an attribute of size, thus the S in BANGS, and “rouge” isn't part of the BANGS set. Also, for grammar basics, read the grammatical notes, which are available when you open Duolingo in a web browser and click the learning modules.
Where are the Learning Modules you mention? Do you mean the "light bulbs" that are part of each section/lesson, such as "Basics," "Animals," "Colors," etc.? Thanks. I sure wish there was a "Search" button somewhere to help us older folks figure out how to find things. :-D
Learning modules are my personal name for “skills”, sorry. Forget learning modules, I am speaking of skills. The first skill is called “Basics 1”. The grammar explanations are within the “tips and notes” available via the light bulbs. The notes covering adjective placements are in the skill “Adjectives 1”. The light-bulb system was not designed to be a reference book as you might wish. But if you regularly read the grammar notes while you are practising the corresponding skills, you won’t be surprised of new grammatical concepts. Grammar notes and exercises are well matched and new concepts should rarely show up before they are theoretically introduced.
Thanks. I would have had the same question if you'd have said skills. :-) I recall when beginning that Duolingo advised NOT reading the notes before doing a lesson; therefore, I forget that the notes are even there! Then when I want a reminder of something, I recall that there were explanations somewhere, but not where they were. I think I'll follow YOUR advice and read the notes first! Thanks for your help.
I don't remember Duolingo’s advice on this, maybe because I started in the app, where there are no notes available. Actually it is a good advice to start with the exercise before reading about the theory behind it. This way you trigger your brain's pattern recognition rather than abstract analysis. It is the natural way of learning a language just as children do. I am a German and English teacher and I'm used to this method from most of my textbooks. You can read the notes when you feel stuck or at the end of a skill for having this feeling of completeness. But try out both ways for yourself with some skills. For most patterns you won't need the notes.
Thanks, again, Tilo. I'm afraid I do not do well with the Immersion method; just not my learning style, though I keep trying. Even when young, I did not start speaking until I could speak entire sentences. ha ha It's 38 days now of daily practice, so my memorization is improving, and at times I forget which language I'm using. But I do become frustrated when a pattern changes. So I'm grateful for those notes. Once again, thank you so much.
notice the genders (I don't remember the choices, but gender is usually the clue, and of course singular vs plural)
Adjectives have to agree grammatically with the nouns they go with. “Pomme” is feminine, so “froid(e)” has to be feminine, too. “Froid” would be the masculine form.
See the tips and notes of the skill “Adjectives 1”, accessible via the light bulb icon in Duolingo when run in a web browser or here: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Adjectives-1/tips-and-notes
Yeah l figured it out and flllow by the syntatic rule.l guess one should keep an open mind while learning a language. Because their most be things that will be outside the norms. Those learning English have also complained of irregularities and difficulties , yet we speak and use it effortlessly. The gist is learn like a Child.
If “cold” was an adverb, then it would describe the manner of eating. But instead it attributes the apple in the moment of eating. Also in French, “froide” cannot be an adverb, because the corresponding adverb would be “froid”, which is invariable and thus without any suffix.
These are conjugated forms of the verb manger (to eat):
je mange, tu manges, il/elle mange, nous mangeons, vous mangez, ils/elles mangent
I eat, you eat, he/she eats, we eat, you(plural) eat, they eat
Btw, there are grammar notes for every skill, but only available in a web browser and not in the mobile app: https://www.duolingo.com/skill/fr/Verbs%3A-Present-1/tips-and-notes