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  5. "Ihr" vs. "euer"


"Ihr" vs. "euer"

Hello everyone,

How do I know when to use "ihr" and when to use "euer"? I think both of them mean "your" (plural) but when do I use which?

Thank you! AP4418

April 26, 2018



You are asking about possessive pronouns. They are depending on the owner of something.

Ich habe einen Hund. Mein Hund ist braun.

Du hast einen Hund. Dein Hund ist braun.

Er hat einen Hund. Sein Hund ist braun.

Sie hat einen Hund. Ihr Hund ist braun.

Wir haben einen Hund. Unser Hund ist braun.

Ihr habt einen Hund. Euer Hund ist braun.

Sie haben einen Hund. Ihr Hund ist braun.

Whereas the first word in each line is a personal pronoun the other thick printed pronoun is the possessive one. I hope this helps since we happen to use pronouns quite often and some of them have several meanings.


That's a really good explaination, thanks!


You are welcome :-))


A good question and here comes a long but hopefully good explaining awnser for you. (I know our language is difficult and it must not be understood very fast.):

I will follow the order of the personal pronouns for you: () = the objects in plural 1st person singular: mein Essen, mein Fisch (meine Essen, meine Fische) 2nd person singular: Dein Essen, Dein Fisch (Deine Essen, Deine Fische) 3rd person singular (a) he; b) she; c) it): a) sein Essen, sein Fisch (seine Essen, seine Fische) b) ihr Essen, Ihren Fisch (Ihre Essen, Ihre Fische) c) (like a))

1st person plural: unser Essen, unser Fisch (unsere Essen, unsere Fische) 2nd Person plural/ plural majestic ( plural majestic is today mostly used in theater or comedy): Euer Essen, Euer Fisch (Eure Essen, Eure Fische) 3rd person plural: Ihr Essen, Ihr Fisch (Ihre Essen, Ihre Fische)

In German we use together with the cases (advanced I would say): 1st person singular (I/ ich): mein, meine, meiner , meines, meinem, meinen 2nd person singular (you/ Du): Dein, Deine, Deiner, Deines, Deinem, Deinen 3rd person singular he/ er: sein, seine, seiner, seines, seinem, seinen she/ sie: ihr, ihre, ihrer, ihres, ihrem, ihren it/ es: (like he)

1st person plural (we/ wir): unser, unsere, unserer, unserem, unseres, unseren 2nd person plural (you/ ihr): euer, eure, eures, eurem, euren, eurer 3rd person plural (they/ sie): ihr, ihre, ihren, ihres, ihrem, ihrer

It is difficult in the beginning but if the start is made with enough examples you learn to see a rhythm in it.

A warning: Do not mix up the personal pronoun rules with a salutation for the plural majestic:

for example: "Your highness may I bet for the permission to speak?" = "Euer Hoheit darf ich um die Erlaubnis bitten zu sprechen?" (masculinum e.g. a king) or "Eure Hoheit darf ich um die Erlaubnis bitten zu sprechen?" (femininum e.g. a queen). And if you talk with someone else about them it would change this way: "Their majesties may not be interrupted." "Ihre (wrong but famous for to show a person that tries to act educated but is not: "Ihro") Hoheiten dürfen nicht unterbrochen werden." or singular: "Ihre Hoheit darf nicht unterbrochen werden." (femininum) or "Seine Hoheit darf nicht unterbrochen werden." (masculinum) - But this is not possessive pronoun. It is the plural majestic.


I have the same question as the person of the original post, but the answer here only confused me further.

When learning possessive pronouns, the information displays that 2nd person plural is Euer or Eure, and 3rd person feminine and 3rd person plural is Ihr or Ihre.

However in one of the exercises, I got an answer wrong when translating “Mag Ihre Katze Milch?“ as “Does her cat like milk?”. The correct answer according to the exercise was “Does your cat like milk?

I can’t find an explanation as to how that is wrong. Can someone clarify this for me?

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