https://www.duolingo.com/Dessert-Rose

"Ihr" vs. "euer"

  • 11
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2
  • 340

Hello everyone,

How do I know when to use "ihr" and when to use "euer"? I think both of them mean "your" (plural) but when do I use which?

Thanks!

AP4418

4/26/2018, 4:04:53 AM

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/birgit72635
  • 25
  • 22
  • 21
  • 13
  • 10
  • 6
  • 601

You are asking about possessive pronouns. They are depending on the owner of something.

Ich habe einen Hund. Mein Hund ist braun.

Du hast einen Hund. Dein Hund ist braun.

Er hat einen Hund. Sein Hund ist braun.

Sie hat einen Hund. Ihr Hund ist braun.

Wir haben einen Hund. Unser Hund ist braun.

Ihr habt einen Hund. Euer Hund ist braun.

Sie haben einen Hund. Ihr Hund ist braun.

Whereas the first word in each line is a personal pronoun the other thick printed pronoun is the possessive one. I hope this helps since we happen to use pronouns quite often and some of them have several meanings.

4/26/2018, 4:30:35 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/Dessert-Rose
  • 11
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 4
  • 2
  • 340

That's a really good explaination, thanks!

4/26/2018, 4:32:44 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/birgit72635
  • 25
  • 22
  • 21
  • 13
  • 10
  • 6
  • 601

You are welcome :-))

4/26/2018, 4:42:32 AM

https://www.duolingo.com/ParPortas
  • 11
  • 8
  • 7
  • 7
  • 7
  • 6
  • 2

A good question and here comes a long but hopefully good explaining awnser for you. (I know our language is difficult and it must not be understood very fast.):

I will follow the order of the personal pronouns for you: () = the objects in plural 1st person singular: mein Essen, mein Fisch (meine Essen, meine Fische) 2nd person singular: Dein Essen, Dein Fisch (Deine Essen, Deine Fische) 3rd person singular (a) he; b) she; c) it): a) sein Essen, sein Fisch (seine Essen, seine Fische) b) ihr Essen, Ihren Fisch (Ihre Essen, Ihre Fische) c) (like a))

1st person plural: unser Essen, unser Fisch (unsere Essen, unsere Fische) 2nd Person plural/ plural majestic ( plural majestic is today mostly used in theater or comedy): Euer Essen, Euer Fisch (Eure Essen, Eure Fische) 3rd person plural: Ihr Essen, Ihr Fisch (Ihre Essen, Ihre Fische)

In German we use together with the cases (advanced I would say): 1st person singular (I/ ich): mein, meine, meiner , meines, meinem, meinen 2nd person singular (you/ Du): Dein, Deine, Deiner, Deines, Deinem, Deinen 3rd person singular he/ er: sein, seine, seiner, seines, seinem, seinen she/ sie: ihr, ihre, ihrer, ihres, ihrem, ihren it/ es: (like he)

1st person plural (we/ wir): unser, unsere, unserer, unserem, unseres, unseren 2nd person plural (you/ ihr): euer, eure, eures, eurem, euren, eurer 3rd person plural (they/ sie): ihr, ihre, ihren, ihres, ihrem, ihrer

It is difficult in the beginning but if the start is made with enough examples you learn to see a rhythm in it.

A warning: Do not mix up the personal pronoun rules with a salutation for the plural majestic:

for example: "Your highness may I bet for the permission to speak?" = "Euer Hoheit darf ich um die Erlaubnis bitten zu sprechen?" (masculinum e.g. a king) or "Eure Hoheit darf ich um die Erlaubnis bitten zu sprechen?" (femininum e.g. a queen). And if you talk with someone else about them it would change this way: "Their majesties may not be interrupted." "Ihre (wrong but famous for to show a person that tries to act educated but is not: "Ihro") Hoheiten dürfen nicht unterbrochen werden." or singular: "Ihre Hoheit darf nicht unterbrochen werden." (femininum) or "Seine Hoheit darf nicht unterbrochen werden." (masculinum) - But this is not possessive pronoun. It is the plural majestic.

4/27/2018, 11:08:48 PM
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.