"I want you to become a teacher."
Translation:Ich möchte, dass du ein Lehrer wirst.
The correct translation of "I want you to become a teacher" is "Ich möchte, dass Du Lehrer wirst" without "ein". In German, we don't use the indefinite article when we talk about the professions somebody pursues or is going to pursue:
- He is a teacher. - Er ist Lehrer.
- He becomes a teacher. - Er wird Lehrer.
"Ich möchte" is usually translated as "I would like" whereas "Ich will" is more like "I want." I think the difference in German is the same as in English - one is less direct than the other. For this reason I think that either should be accepted; but the literal translation (Ich will, dass du win Lehrer wirst) is actually the best because it retains the same tone.
That's correct. "Werden" is an auxiliary verb (it only works in conjunction with another verb) that takes "sein" by default. So if you only see "werden" in any of its forms, you can assume a dropped "sein."
So the sentence here can be thought of as "I want that you will be a teacher."
No, unfortunately not.
As far as I am aware you can only have an accusative object (in this case "dich") act as a subject with an intransitive verb (a verb that has no direct object), and specifically an intransitive verb that has no objects at all. Zum Beispiel:
„Ich habe dich kommen sehen.“
Otherwise it has to be split up into two clauses, so that (in this case) both "ich" and "du" can be subjects, carrying out different actions.
"Ich will dass du Lehrer bekommen." is how I answered this (I guess that can not be used? ;) ). Duo corrected me much differently than the answer given above, it gave me: Ich will, dass du Lehrer bist. So, I assume if you use möchte you have to use wirst, but if you use will you use bist???
Aus meiner Sicht it's analogous to the difference between:
„Ich erinnere mich, dass du ein Lehrer wirst.“ &
„Ich erinnere mich daran, dass du ein Lehrer wirst.“
I wouldn't call it incorrect per se, just a bit clunky or grob. "Es" here is superfluous because you go straight into the clause it represents. Obviously there are plenty of exceptions where you would still use a pronoun/prepositional adverb that is followed by the clause it's standing in for, which is why I wouldn't call it wrong; I just wouldn't recommend using it.
I think it's a pretty safe rule of thumb, that if you're going to follow "wissen" with a clause (namely a subordinate clause) then you're better off leaving out "es". Sorry it isn't more comprehensive than that, but unfortunately (as with a lot of aspects of the German language) I think this is something you are best learning case by case.
The "daran" is necessary in your "erinnere" example, actually. You can't "erinnere sich (something)"; you have to "erinnere sich an (something)". The "an" needs to be there, and the "da-" is there as a placeholder object for "an."
Doesn't really change your main point, but I thought I'd point out that that wasn't quite the best example.
With an object rather than a clause, I'm right there with you.
I just have to contradict you because of the uncountable times that I have heard "ich erinnere mich, dass..." from the various films, TV shows and podcasts that I've seen/listened to.
However wrong leaving out "an" actually is, or whether it's analagous to "Sinn machen", "etw. tun brauchen" (i.e. using "brauchen" without a "zu"-infinitive e.g. "das brauchst du nicht tun!"), or using main clause word order after "weil" -- all of which are mistakes to greater or lesser degrees that are made all the time in both spoken German, as well as informal written German (e.g. on forums like gutefrage) -- "sich erinnern" without "an" is ubiquitous in the German to be found online.
I just wanted to add a couple of non-anecdotal points to support my argument, so it doesn't come across so much as "This is right because I say it's right":
At 43:05 and 52:14 Sascha Lobo says „...wenn ich mich richtig erinnere“.
I was listening to this after writing the original comment, so it was already lurking in the back of my mind and stood out to me as soon as he said it xD
I'm presuming from your comment btw that you think "sich erinnern" always needs "an", which these two examples contradict. However, if that isn't and wasn't the case; let's roll on to point no. 2:
The Google search
"ich erinnere mich, dass"returned:
Ungefähr 366.000 Ergebnisse