- mara "Mara"
- 'oHbej "is definitely"
- 'oH "it"
- -bej "definitely, undoubtedly"
- pongDaj'e' "her name" (topic)
- pong "name"
- -Daj "his / her"
- -'e' (topic marker -- required in this kind of "to be" sentence by Klingon grammar, but does not translate to anything specific in English)
Translating 'oH(bej) as "is (definitely)" works for this sentence, but the basic meaning of 'oH is "it". So a literal translation would be something like "Her name: it definitely Mara".
But in English, that sort of construction with 'oH and -'e' translates into a sentence with "is".
The Klingon "to be" sentence is an irregular sentence and has two forms: one that links a noun with a pronoun, and one that links two nouns.
The formula for the latter kind is 'e'. Optionally, the pronoun may take some verb suffixes. It means you've got a topic noun, and now you're comparing the other noun to it and equating them in some way.
In this case we have mara as noun* and pongDaj (her name) as the topic noun. This sentence is equating Mara with her name. Since the topic noun is an it, the pronoun is chosen to match: 'oH.**
The -bej is there to express the speaker's certainty that her name is, in fact, Mara.
Don't try to apply the basic sentence's object-verb-subject structure to a "to be" sentence. It doesn't apply.
Yes. This is a general problem related to words that begin with an apostrophe: there are dictionary hints in our backend but the system apparently can’t find them in order to show them to learners.
Duolingo staff and programmers know about this issue but I don’t know how high up it is on their list of issues to work on.
There’s nothing we can do about it.
As of 16th September 2019, its been fixed and appears correctly now :-)
The apostrophe at the beginning of the word confuses Duolingo's software. A hint has been entered, but the database is unable to look it up. Supposedly the programmers are working on it, but it is a low priority for them. If you want to read about the other known issues in this course, read the post at: https://forum.duolingo.com/comment/26778885
Feel free to use the Duolingo wikia for missing translations. I'm adding all the words taught onto there. https://duolingo.fandom.com/wiki/Klingon_Skill:Phrases
Hope it helps!
Glad the hints bug got fixed. Now it appears correctly and isn't just a white diamond :-)
ok. So the only reason it wasn't correct was the sentence order of left to right. Mara being first in the thIingan sentence and last in the DIvI' translation.