What is the difference between el/la and los/las?
What is the difference between el/la and los/las? I know they both mean "the", but I can't see the difference. please help :(
This might help! el = the (masculine, with a few exceptions is used before words ending in "o")
la = the (feminine, with a few exceptions is used before words ending in "a")
los = the (plural form of el, masculine)
las = the (plural form of la, feminine)
Examples: el perro = the dog
los perros = the dogs
la vaca = the cow
las vacas = the cows
Yes, el and la are for singular. El is for masculine and la is for plural for example I want the white shirt. Traslation: quiero la camisa blanca. This is in singular form. Now in plural I want the white shirts. Traslation: quiero las camisas blancas. In masculine form is El for singular and los for plural form. For Example: the black shoe. Traslation: El zapato negro. In plural form: the black shoes. Los zapatos negros. In English only is "the" for both. You can look these link:
Los artículos en español www.practicaespanol.com › Gramática
Artículo (gramática) - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre https://es.m.wikipedia.org › wiki › Artícu...
El/la are singular masculine/feminine articles; el chico/la chica (the girl/the boy) is only talking about one specific object (that one girl or boy). Los/las are plural articles (los hombres/las mujeres) which talk about a specific group of objects or people.
Hope that helped :)
I just thought I'd add onto what the other guys said, typically speaking, you will find patterns in the endings of words depending on whether they use masculine / feminine, but there are some irregular ones, for example you'd expect "problema" to be feminine but it's actually masculine, el problema, much like el programa and el- tell you what here's a list https://www.123teachme.com/learn_spanish/grammar_5 (keep in mind that jobs can usually be masculine or feminine depending if it's a man or female that does the job, if it's a female you usually add an -a on the end, but some jobs that end in -ista or -eta e.g atleta stay the same for masculine and feminine, I hope I helped).
One last thing, hopefully I'm not overloading you with info, but when referring to both men and women when it comes to jobs, pronouns etc, you use the masculine gender with plural.
E.g Nosotros can mean "we" as in a group of men or a group of people of both genders, nosotras is reserved for if it is being said by a group of females, and take the job mesero, a waiter, it can be mesero or meseros for a man/men, or multiple waiters of both genders, and mesera/meseras for a woman or women waitresses. Good luck with spanish, I see you started off recently, and my advice is at times things can seem a little daunting, but as long as you keep going at it, you gradually get used to the things that seem hard and you come to find they're not so hard after all.