"She is going to ask her this tomorrow."
Translation:Ella le va a preguntar esto mañana.
lol. "this tomorrow" doesn't exist in English.
In this sentence, She is going to ask her this tomorrow, the this does not refer to tomorrow, it refers to the thing she is going to ask her. It's standing by itself as the direct object in both English and Spanish (esto here does not modify mañana).
in other words, reworded:
- Mañana, ella le va a preguntar esto.
- Tomorrow, she is going to ask her this.
este and esta are demonstrative adjectives. They must accompany a noun. e.g. esta camisa : this shirt. este vestido : this dress. The noun they modify usually follows it, but not necessarily - it could've been something you already talked about immediately before. e.g. No ese vestido - me gusta este mejor. : Not that dress - I like this better. In this case, the this is obviously referring to a dress - the second "vestido" [este vestido] is implied like it is in English.
However, as a pronoun where it's not modifying something (implied or otherwise), you use esto - which is neuter (neither feminine or masculine) since the thing you are talking about isn't present to have a gender.
e.g. Hablemos de esto más tarde. : Let's talk about this later.
Ese & esa and aquel & aquella also have a neuter (eso & aquello) which behave the same way.
I hope this helps.
Some verbs need "a" after them when followed by a noun or infinitive. https://www.lawlessspanish.com/grammar/verbs/verbs-with-a/
Kate, hang in there! This will come with practice.
In this case, ir a [x] means going to [x] - and it can be a place, or a verb you are going to do. It might help to start memorizing the verbs with the prepositions that follow them.
Remember learning that tener que [x] means have to do [x]? It's a very common Spanish construction to the point where you just have to learn tener que on its own. It's the same with ir a.
- Voy a correr : I am going to run.
- ¿Vas a correr? : Are you going to run?
but there are many other constructions that you will learn when you get to them. For example, dejar de [x] means to stop doing [x].
- Dejé de correr. : I stopped running.
- Quiero dejar de correr. : I want to stop running.
Here's a link as an example of more: https://www.fluentu.com/blog/spanish/spanish-verbs-with-prepositions/
But my advice: don't try to memorize all these all at once. Learn them one at a time. And be patient with yourself. Learning any languages is hard. If you get frustrated or confused, stop, take a break, and see if you can figure out what is going on.
"Le" is both "him" and "her". You are mixing up direct object pronouns and indiect object pronouns. I have trouble with these also. They are very easy to mix up. https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/direct-and-indirect-object-pronouns-in-spanish