I answered "habla más alto" to a "write what you hear" form of this question. Duo said I incorrectly used the the command form "habla" instead of the 3rd person you form "hable". The conjugations I have of hablar show the formal 3rd person present of hablar as "habla," not "hable." Can anyone explain why Duo says it's hable here?
Habla is the present tense form for él, ella, usted. It is used to tell what happens or is happening. Señorita, (usted) habla español muy bien. Miss, you speak Spanish very well.
Hable is the imperative for usted. It is used to give a formal command. Señorita, hable (usted) más alto, por favor. Miss, speak louder, please.
Habla is also the imperative for tú. It is used to give a familiar command. Carmen, habla (tú) más alto, por favor. Carmen, speak louder, please.
Marcy - I hope DL are paying you for all the teaching you do. Your responses are always helpful.
Good answer, and fascinating ... but I came across this in a practice session, and I don't remember ever seeing it on DL before, so that's kind of frustrating. Oh well. Thanks for the explanation, it's very helpful.
But isn't the example ambiguous? Could be Miss (usted) or Miss (tú), hable in the first, habla in the second?
Why is it "alto" rather than "alta". Would it make any difference it the sentence were addressed to a man, or does it just modify "speak"?
Probablemente porque el volumen es más alto. Más alta would be used to describe the young lady as being taller.
"Speak louder" is not really exactly correct since it is a comparison and we do not know to what. "Speak more loudly" is better.
When someone says speak louder it is saying speak louder than what you are currently. So that's the correct translation. 'More loud' is just not something which is said.
An adjective is used to modify a noun, pronoun, or another adjective. An adverb is used to modify verbs or other adverbs. "Speak" is a verb, so "Speak more loudly" is grammatically correct. "More loudly than you currently are," is understood. "Speak louder" may be heard, but it is really not correct since the adjective "loud" should not be used to modify a verb.
Actually, adverbs modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. Adjectives do not modify other adjectives. :)
Comparative adjectives like "Louder" can, and do function as adverbs. [He speaks louder than his opponent] [Speak louder!]
More Loudly is likewise correct but is usually heard less often. [He speaks more loudly than his opponent.] (particularly in command form) [Speak more loudly!]