https://www.duolingo.com/tzercarnt

Spanish Word: Lo

Hi,

I have seen that the word, "lo" is used a lot in Spanish. When should I use it, why and in which situations?

Best Regards, Gerhard

7 months ago

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Lrtward
Lrtward
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When you want to say "him," "you" (formal), or "it" as the direct object of a verb.

https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/direct-object-pronouns-in-spanish

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tzercarnt

Thank you for very quick answer! :)

When I say "him" or "he", I would say "el", and when I say "you", I will say "tú", and for "it", I would say "está".

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/psionpete
psionpete
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Lrtward said it is used for the direct object of the verb, not the subject.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/elizadeux
elizadeux
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Look up "lo que" also. It's a relative pronoun that means "what" or "whatever."

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ALLintolearning3
ALLintolearning3
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7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
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It is used mostly as direct object pronoun: "Él me ve" (He sees me) vs "Yo lo veo" (I see him). Not only for "él", also for "Usted" (formal you).

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tzercarnt

"Lo" means him?

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/tzercarnt

Or it means "it"?

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ALLintolearning3
ALLintolearning3
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Remember that in Spanish everything is either masculine or feminine, so all the singular words that are considered masculine in Spanish that you are talking about will also use “lo” for a direct object. “Yo lo veo.” can mean “I see him.” or “I see it.” or even “I see you.” if you are a male in Latin America or if you are a male and I am not on a familiar basis with you in Spain. (Some countries do not use the familiar form at all and then “yo lo veo.” or just “Lo veo.” Is always used., some use “vos” instead of “tú”).

If you mean “him” or “it”, you will just have been talking about someone or something and so the context will make it clear. “Where is my book? I see it.” “Do you see Carlos? I see him.”

You probably would not say “I see you.” unless you were talking on the phone and you could not see each other before, until one of you rounded a corner or arrived in a car or something like that and that would be obvious too. You might say “I am almost there.” and I might wait until I see you then confirm it with “I see you.” Then, we don’t need to be on the phone anymore.

Now if you were on familiar terms with the person and use “tú”, then “I see you.” would be “Yo te veo.”

“Yo la veo.” can mean “I see her.” or “I see it.” if the word is feminine in Spanish or “I see you.” if you are female and we are using “usted”.

https://www.thoughtco.com/direct-object-pronouns-spanish-3079352

When to use which form of you is discussed here and don’t forget in these links to press the “Continue reading” button to get all the information:

https://www.thoughtco.com/formal-and-informal-you-spanish-3079379

Also, don’t forget that in all of the above examples, in Spanish you don’t even have to put the subject pronouns. You could just say “Lo veo.” or “La veo.” or “Te veo.” and you would still know that I am the subject since “veo” is only used with “yo”.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
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I don't understand "if you are a male and I am not on a familiar basis with you in Spain". If you are implying that "usted" is only for Spain, that it not so, it is for all countries and Spain is where it is less used (a more egalitarian culture about that).

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ALLintolearning3
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I am sorry, that was not well worded. I meant if you are on a familiar basis in Spain than you will use “Te veo.”, otherwise you will also use “Lo veo.” in Spain. Of course, “Lo veo.” is used even more in countries that do not use the tú form. Do you know which direct object form is used for countries that use “vos”?

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Chilotin
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It means "él or Usted when they are direct object". Not all "him" are "lo" and not all "lo" are "him".

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ALLintolearning3
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Yes, perhaps we should give a link to information about indirect objects as well:

https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/direct-and-indirect-object-pronouns-in-spanish

and Spanish prepositional pronouns for use as objects of prepositions:

https://www.rocketlanguages.com/spanish/prepositions/spanish-prepositional-pronouns

7 months ago
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