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  5. "The restaurant is closed."

"The restaurant is closed."

Translation:El restaurante está cerrado.

May 4, 2018


Sorted by top post


How do we know when to use esta and not es for is?

May 4, 2018


Está is used here because closed is a readily-changeable condition. The restaurant can be changed from open to closed and back again on a regular basis. Other conditions that can be regularly changed and use the verb estar are well/sick, clean/dirty, wet/dry, happy/sad, etc.
Much more info at studyspanish.com (Grammar Unit 2: ser and estar).

May 6, 2018


If a restaurant is permanently closed, would one use "es" in this case?

November 13, 2018


Yep, though you might need to clarify so it won't sound like a mistake

August 4, 2019


I don't know

September 3, 2019


Thank you for this I did have this question but didnt check in the comments!

June 10, 2018


So does "Yo esta (Spanish for sad)" make sense? Does it translate to "I am sad" in English?

Just want to make it clear, and I'm hoping you can help. Have a good day!

June 29, 2018


'Está' means 'is', so that means you'd say 'I is sad' if you'd use that. 'Yo estoy' is correct.

July 4, 2018


"Está" can be either is or are. Spanish verbs have specific conjugations depending on the person. Here is the present tense breakdown for estar:

Yo estoy - I am

Tú estás - You are (informal)

Él/Ella/Usted está - He/She is, You are (formal)

Nosotros(as) estamos - We are

Ellos(as)/Ustedes - They are, You are (plural)

So "yo está" is still incorrect, but because it is the incorrect form for yo not because it only means is. Also the Spanish word for sad is triste.

FULL DISCLOSURE: Native English speaker - US, Southern Appalachian dialect. Other uses of English may vary. Advice about Spanish should be taken with a grain of salt.

July 9, 2018


The conjugations I wrote above are for estar, which means "to be". Soy (I am) and eres (you are, informal) are conjugations of the verb ser, which confusingly enough for us native English speakers also means "to be".

Ser and estar are used in different situations though. One of the more challenging parts of learning Spanish is learning when to use which. Generally beginners are taught to use ser when it's for permanent things and estar when it's temporary. It's actually a bit more complicated than that, but that's a good starting guideline.

This will be the first of many learning challenges you will face where Spanish uses two words where we use only one. There are also situations that are the reverse, but, personally, I find those easier to learn.

Here are some links on the differences between the two that are at a more intermediate level of understanding. Don't feel frustrated if your initial response is confusion. I still mess this up and I still have to reference these links. It's a complicated thing to learn.

"Ser" vs. "Estar" https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/ser-vs-estar

Two Verbs Meaning 'To Be': 'Ser' and 'Estar' (ThoughtCo) https://www.thoughtco.com/verbs-meaning-to-be-ser-estar-3078314

Conjugation of estar http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/estar

Conjugation of ser http://www.spanishdict.com/conjugate/ser

FULL DISCLOSURE: Native English speaker - US, Southern Appalachian dialect. Other uses of English may vary. Advice about Spanish should be taken with a grain of salt.

October 12, 2018


I thought that : yo soy means I am, and tu eres means you are

October 12, 2018


What is the use of "estan" here? Is that even correct?

March 29, 2019


"estan" goes for they are. Just don't forget use de accent on the "a". "están" is the appropiate way to use.

April 30, 2019


I am sad = Yo estoy triste

January 18, 2019

September 3, 2019


Thanks so much for the link

September 21, 2018



April 30, 2019



October 10, 2019


I do not understand english

October 10, 2019


Está (it is) es (is)

November 19, 2018


Esta is like those like "what are those" and es is like "what is that?"

July 13, 2018


In this context, the está is used instead of es because the restaurant is closed temporarily ( it is closed for a certain amount of time). This means it is está. Está is also used for location.

Es is used to describe permanent things. Like personality.

La chica es bonita.

May 2, 2019


What if the restaurant is permanently closed (like out of business never to open again). Could you use es in this case? Or would you still use está?

July 10, 2018


I believe you would still use estar. Temporary and permanent are the starting guidelines for distinguishing ser/estar. However, it's more complex than that. Many folks, myself included, use these acronyms:

Ser - D.O.C.T.O.R. Description Occupation Characteristic Time Origin Relationship

Estar - P.L.A.C.E. Position Location Action Condition Emotion

Since being closed permanently is a condition, it would still be estar.

It's also worth noting that there can be regional differences on some things—most notably death and marriage.

Here's a link on ser vs. estar: https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/ser-vs-estar

FULL DISCLOSURE: Native English speaker - US, Southern Appalachian dialect. Other uses of English may vary. Advice about Spanish should be taken with a grain of salt.

July 10, 2018


You would still use estar. Using ser (es) with cerrado would mean close-minded or exclusive. A restaurant could never be close-minded and to say that it's exclusive to certain people you would need more explanation with that sentence.

September 6, 2018


Well... I thought está is for location and es for description. Heeeelp ! ;-;

December 2, 2018


its so hard to roll your R's with allergies.

March 9, 2019


How do you know when to say está instead of es?

April 5, 2019


I accidentally hit enter before I finished typing and it said I got it wrong so maybe that could be changed like if you have not put like the last half of it then it doesnt count if you hit enter.

December 31, 2018


Why do I have to you esta and not es for this one?

August 16, 2018


yeah i keep on putting in es for this one

October 9, 2018


Why do I have to use to esta and not es for this?

August 16, 2018


I typed the right answer but you would not accept it, and it were wont let me go any further.

April 27, 2019


I used LA. Why is it EL?

August 13, 2018


Generally, nouns are either feminine or masculine in Spanish. Feminine words get feminine articles and adjectives and masculine ones get the masculine equivalent. "El" is the masculine form of the; "La" is the feminine form. Restaurant is a masculine word. Typically, but not always, words ending with "o" are masculine and words ending with "a" are feminine. Eventually, with enough study and practice, you will simply get used to words having gender, and intuit/learn which are which.

Lightspeed Spanish - Absolute Beginners - Masculine & Feminine Nouns https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZL5lg6d_qlk

Masculine and Feminine Nouns https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/masculine-and-feminine-nouns

Using the Definite Article in Spanish https://www.spanishdict.com/guide/using-the-definite-article-in-spanish

FULL DISCLOSURE: Native English speaker - US, Southern Appalachian dialect. Other uses of English may vary. Advice about Spanish should be taken with a grain of salt.

August 13, 2018


Thank you for your help

October 12, 2018


Don't know what is wrong with what I wrote

May 21, 2019


How can I use the accent mark button to be over my letter on my laptop?

June 24, 2019



August 16, 2019



April 20, 2019


Mexican folklore word: "el changarro está cerrado". changarro means any type of business/working place either restaurant, office, workshop, store.

Let's think you have a day off and your budies call you asking if you are at work because they don't know you are free, well, you can respond:

no, el changarro está cerrado.

Have fun!

April 28, 2019


Now I'm all messed up, I thought "esta" is "This" when applied to a feminine word as opposed to este but it also means "is"? How did that happen?

June 10, 2019


Well, "esta" with the accent is conjugation of Estar. "esta" without an accent is "this".

August 8, 2019


esta and es are quite confusing.

July 21, 2019


Try to use:

D.O.C.T.O.R. Description Occupation Characteristic Time Origin Relationship = for "ser (to be) /soy (I am) /eres (you are)/es (she~he is)/son (they~you are)"

And: P.L.A.C.E. Position Location Action Condition Emotion = for "esta (that~this is)/están (those are)

That's the main concept.

July 22, 2019


that's even more confusing

August 9, 2019


The word esta wasn't in the list of words....I looked for it.

August 3, 2019


Well, the word "esta" is conjugation for Estar. You might find it under Estar.

August 8, 2019


I wrote "cerrada" and it said "cerrado". Why?

August 8, 2019

September 23, 2019


The translation said it was "The restaurant is closed" when it wanted me to write it in Spanish. I'm quite new to duolingo so I don't know if it was a mistake on my part or it was a glitch.

September 29, 2019



April 30, 2019
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