Pro-tip: tu is the second person, so use two-letter es. Il/elle is the third person, so use the three-letter est.
That's the most helpful tip yet! Thanks so much - I keep getting them muddled.
Thanks, I got it mixed up with Spanish where the 2nd person singular verb usually ends in an "es."
Wait, but "hejmsdz" says 'tu' is second person and that's why you use 'es'. Shouldn't 'je' be the only first person subject?
Oooooh wait so is there a first and if there is was a first what would it be???
Please refer to this page about how to conjugate a verb. You will need to be able to conjugate verbs in both English and in French, including many different tenses, before you finish your study here. https://www.thoughtco.com/introduction-to-french-verbs-1371059
Conjugation of verb "être" in indicative present:
je suis, tu es, il/elle/on est, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils/elles sont.
I know of other languages that use one word for to be something and a different word for to be somewhere.. my question is, is this the case in french too? Can I use être verb for both, just like to be in english?
To my knowledge, the French être can be used in both the ways you describe.
Thank you so much! I remembered this from my basic french book, but never found the chart.
It's better to think of the verb along with the pronoun that goes with it:
- Je suis = I am
- Tu es = You are ("tu" is the singular/informal form for "you")
- Il/Elle est = He/She is
- Nous sommes = we are
- Vous êtes = You are (vous can be either singular/polite or plural)
- Ils/Elles sont = They are
If I have to write "you are tall" in french should I say "tu es grand" of "tu es grande"?
Both are possible, depending on context (ie any hint that the person you are talking to is a man or a woman?)
In addition, if you get "you are tall" it can also be a polite address (with agreement in feminine or masculine singular) or it can be plural and in that case, you can get: "vous êtes grands" or "vous êtes grandes".
If I wanted to say "he is rich" would I say "Il est rich"
And she is rich... "Elle est riche" ???
"riche" is one of these adjectives that already have an -e in masculine, so the form "riche" works both for masculine and feminine singular nouns.
When do you know if you have to use "vous etes" or "tu es"? Do they mean the same thing? Can they be used interchageably?
"tu es" is only used for people you know well: family, friends, colleagues = familiar "you"
In all other cases, use "vous êtes", which is a formal, singular "you" = formal "you"
Remember that "vous êtes" can also be used to talk to 2 or more people = plural "you"
I just noticed you can change the gender of the speaker by typing in the text box and deleting it using the backspace key.... Random.
I thought you were supposed to pronounce the s in "es," why does it sound like "est," instead?
The French talk very fast & words like es& et, est etc are kind of said in such a way that they are unheard by the English speaking. It's usually always said but is barely perceptible in some sentences, especially when the French talk their normal speed. Also, sometimes es is from être, to be, informal, singular. Est means is, so the context should give you a hint of which word is being said. If the next word is a vowel, in most cases s is said, but not all. But as in tu es un garçon , s is not heard bc those words are said quickly & not readily heard as separate words.
I disagree a bit with you dc1577. You mention ES, in the exemple above, we don't pronounce the S, it's not because we talk fast, but in that case, we don't pronounce it. But, if a v oyel or a h follow, of course, we make the _liaison, I mean the link between 2 words : je sui-z-un garçon.That has nothing to do with the speed.
What is the point of your name?!!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!
A tip is to really learn these two, since the verb être (to be), of which es and est are two forms, is very common and you really need to know all forms of present tense for the future, and the verb manger (to eat) is a model verb, that is, all verbs ending with er in its infinitive form (only one exception:aller) follow the same conjugation pattern: the endings of these verbs are all the same: e, es, e, ons, ez, ent.
In theory yes, but practically no.
es = é (in a smile)
est = è (open-mouthed)
For both feminine and masculine nouns we use "riche"? like "calme" that's used the same for both genders?
Vous êtes riche - You are rich (formal, singular). Vous êtes riches - You are rich (formal, plural). Tu es riche - You are rich (informal, casual, singular). All of them are for both genders.
Don't worry. The French "tu" is the informal "you", equivalent to the Spanish "tú". The Spanish "tu" means "your", and in French that's "ton/ta/tes".
It gave me options of "Tu, Nous, Vous, Il" and then said "es riche" How am I supposed to know?! You are rich, we are rich, he is rich. I hate this question
You will need to learn how to conjugate the verb être in the present tense to complete these exercises. The explanation is already given in the comments farther above here.
Many people say that their answer is right when it isn't. What exactly did you put for your answer?
Give it time and you will learn. You will need to learn how to conjugate verbs, both in English and in French.
- Je suis = I am
- Tu es = you are (where "tu" is the singular and informal "you")
- Il/Elle est = He/She is
- Nous sommes = We are
- Vous êtes = you are (where "vous" may be either the singular/formal "you" or the plural "you" regardless of familiarity)
- Ils/Elles sont = They are
Neither one! "Et" means "and". The conjugation of être is, je suis (I am), tu es (you are: singular, informal), il/elle est (he/she is), nous sommes (we are), vous êtes (you are: singular, formal or plural), ils/elles sont (they are).
Not quite, "tu es" is informal singular, you'd use it with close friends or young people. "vous êtes" is formal or plural, you use it with people you aren't close to, people you need to respect, older people, and groups of 2 or more people. :)
Hi, Arianna. Your question is answered in my comment above. Please get into the habit of reading the comments before making a decision to post the same question again. Thanks.
you mean pronounced? it's pronounced like "tyoo", with the yoo being one sound
Coming back to basics for the first time after completing the French course... I got this wrong twice due to always defaulting to "tu puts an s on the end" with verbs. _(^-^)_/
It's hard for me to distinguish the differences in pronunciation between es and est... Is the T in "est" silent? These audio recordings are weird
When this would tell you to do it its wrong, when it tells you to put est its wrong will it make up its fliping mind?
What's the difference between "es" & "est"??? Can anyone explain, please???
How do you pronounce the R in French. I always thought of it being pronounced as a W. Like Je suis Wiche.
"et" means "and". "es" and "est" are two conjugations of the verb "être" - "to be". Verbs have to be conjugated with the pronoun you're using.
je suis (I am)
tu es (you are - singular, informal)
il/elle/on est (he/she/one, us, or you is)
vous êtes (you are - plural/formal)
ils/elles sont (they are masc./fem.)
nous sommes (we are)
Yeah, i agree, why would we give you lingots, and even if we wanted to, how is it possible, saying that just makes you look dumb.
No. They are different forms of the same verb - être, to be. The word tu uses the conjugation es, and the words il and elle use the word est.