"The boys eat with the girls."
Translation:Die Jungen essen mit den Mädchen.
I honestly do not know how to recognize when something should be in the dative case. I have done some research and now know that dative case refers to the indirect object of a sentence...how to recognize that? I don't even remember learning this stuff in English let alone German...can someone help me please? This is creating a roadblock for me.
Well dative seems to be used with a lot of prepositions like on and with and to, so if u see 'mit' or 'auf' u know you'll need dative. As for direct and indirect objects I'll give u an example in English:
I ate the biscuit.
Biscuit is the direct object because u directly act on it.
I gave the letter to the girl.
The letter is the direct object, but Mary is the indirect object. You are sort of acting on her indirectly by her being the recipient the letter.
In German the article (the/an) must change to reflect the word's grammatical position in the sentence. Hope that helps :)