"Yo tengo una maleta."
Translation:I have a suitcase.
That is an expression in Spanish they use "to have" plus number of years, while in English we use "to be" plus number of years plus “old”. There are more: In Spanish they "have hunger, thirst , hot, cold......" while we "are hungry, thirsty, hot, cold..."
“Luggage” would work for a plural form as it is often more than one suitcase. It is actually a term used for which the items are not countable. It is usually translated as “el equipaje.” When you specify one suitcase, it should not be used.
Also “tienen” can also be used for “ustedes” which is a plural formal form of “you” in Spain and plural form for Latin America. The plural familiar form is “vosotros tenéis” (“vosotras”, if the group you are talking to is all female) http://conjugator.reverso.net/conjugation-spanish-verb-tener.html
That would be "un maletin". They are not the same. It is smaller and carries business paperwork. https://dictionary.reverso.net/english-spanish/briefcase
Except that there is a different word or two for briefcase https://dictionary.reverso.net/english-spanish/briefcase
The English word itself tells you the difference. BRIEF-case = It is a case for holding law documents, or for holding a papal letter or bull, or for holding a condensation or an abstract of a larger document or series of documents. Not a case for short tight-fitting underpants. Also, a SUIT-case is for holding a mans business suit or other kinds of formal wear. Not a case for a lawsuit.
In Spanish, unlike English, every word is either masculine or feminine. Most words that end in ‘a’ are feminine and they would require “una” instead of “un”. So, “una mujer” (a woman) and “un hombre” (a man) might have made sense to you, but you have to continue that with things: “una maleta” (a suitcase), “una puerta” (a door), un gato (a cat), un puerto (a port or harbor). So, it becomes important when you get to similar words such as port and door. Learning that port is masculine while door is feminine is useful. Adjectives must match the gender of the noun that they describe also.
You can look up words in a dictionary and ‘f’ means it is feminine while ‘m’ means it is masculine a noun might be indicated as “nf” or “nm”.
I personally recommend learning a word with its article “una maleta” or “la maleta” to memorize the gender at the same time. Most words that end in ‘o’ are masculine, but if you memorize “la mano” you will remember that the word for hand is feminine in Spanish.
« Une valise » is a French word. In Spanish, “una maleta” is the most common word, but we could try “una valija” which is an alternate word that is a bit closer to the word you like. Oh, I found out that “una valija” is only used in Argentina for suitcase. If you go to Mexico, they use “un veliz” which sounds even closer, but it is a masculine word in Spanish. http://www.wordreference.com/es/translation.asp?tranword=suitcase
If you speak French you might like this dictionary,
Ah, valija is also used in the term for diplomatic pouch. “Valija diplomática”
A briefcase is “un maletín.”
All words are either feminine or masculine in Spanish, even words for things. Feminine words take “la” for the definite article and “una” for the indefinite article and masculine words take “el” for the definite article and “un” for the indefinite article. Many words ending in ‘a’ are feminine and many words ending in ‘o’ are masculine, but not all, so it is best to learn each word with an article to know its gender. The masculine plural “the” is “los” and the feminine plural “the” is “las”. So more than one suitcase would be “las maletas”. “El hombre, los hombres, la mujer, las mujeres”
Funny, but that would be a different sentence. “Estoy en una maleta.”
I know where you became confused. “Tengo” really means “have” and is the form for “Yo”, but when we say “I am hungry.” their expression is “Tengo hambre.” which is literally “I have hunger.” There are quite a few of these expressions where we use “I am” + adjective, but they use “Tengo” + noun.
Try listening to native speakers here: https://forvo.com/search/Yo%20tengo%20una%20maleta./
I keep getting questions that ask for the Spanish but say i have it wrong,v when i don't.
What did you put? Did you have the listen to Spanish and write it down?
Tengo = (I) have
The sentences you are thinking of, like “Tengo hambre.” actually means “I have hunger.”, but it is translated to the more common “I am hungry.”
You did not learn “yo” or “una” yet? Nevermind, if you forgot some words you can usually click on each word for hints which is especially useful for a word like “maleta” which might be new to you. Here is a dictionary for you if you happened to get a new word in a kind of exercise that did not have hints: https://dictionary.reverso.net/spanish-english/maleta
Yo tengo una maleta means I have A suitcase, but a was not a selectable word on the tiles.
Did they have a selection with two words on a tile? Please list all the choices. https://dictionary.reverso.net/spanish-english/maleta