I cannot learn by wrote or memory only; I need the knowledge of the language also. For instance, why are some words masculine or feminine? What are the various sentence structures? Where do we find this information?
Isn't it obvious? A chair is clearly feminine. Just like a hand is feminine and a dog is masculine. :D
But seriously, i think that is a complicated topic. with no clear rules. I think you will just have to learn it with out understanding the origins.
Like agua is feminine but has the masculine el at the start, shouldn't it be la agua?
Can anyone explain it? The little I looked into it, it goes back thousands of years to the original languages for spanish, english etc
This is the type of knowledge I'm looking for. An in depth discussion of the genders in spanish as compared to the genders in english should have been part of the initial introduction to spanish. Some people learn by remembering isolated knowledge bits, others learn by understanding the process and concepts. The same idea holds true to sentence construction and the use of verbs. Is it o, e, or es? When and where?
Spanish inherited its masculine/feminine distinction from Latin, with the Latin masculine and neuter merging into the Spanish masculine. Latin inherited its masculine/neuter/feminine distinction from Proto-Indo-European. It is often conjectured that feminine/masculine/neuter in PIE developed from an earlier animate/neuter distinction.
Not much is known for certain about the emergence of grammatical gender (or noun classes in general). I recommend the book Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things for some fun-to-read information on the subject.