“Este” is “This” for a masculine noun and “esta” is for a feminine noun.
“este hombre” is this man and “esta mujer” is “this woman.” The one with the “t” in it is “this”.
There is no ‘t’ in the one for “that”. I told myself it is because there are two t’s in “that” and they don’t double t’s in Spanish, so they didn’t bother to put any.
“ese hombre” is “that man” and “esa mujer” is “that woman”
this / these
esta falda = this skirt (feminine, singular)
estas faldas = these skirts (feminine, plural)
este sombrero = this hat (masculine, singular)
estos sombreros = these hats (masculine, plural)
that / those
esa falda = that skirt
esas faldas = those skirts
ese sombrero = that hat
esos sombreros = those hats
(e.g.) ¿Qué es esto? = What is this?
¿Qué son estos? = What are these?
¿Qué es eso? = What is that?
¿Qué son esos? = What are those?
I like making this chart for my own benefit. I am slowly beginning to make this second nature. (12 words in Spanish. Only 4 in English) (and if you count aquel, aquella, aquellas, aquello, aquellos. It becomes 17 words in Spanish)
I highlighted the
maculine plural to help others see the change from an e ending to an o ending in the plural.
Best wishes to all in your Spanish studies
Lingots accepted :)
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“Este” is “this” and “ese” is “that” for masculine nouns, there are other forms of demonstrative adjectives for feminine nouns and there are also more forms for “that over there” and for demonstrative pronouns which replace the nouns. Well, for the pronouns, context would be important, but for the adjectives you have the noun right there and sombrero ends in ‘o’, so it is easily identifiable as masculine. Most words that end in ‘o’ are masculine and most words that end in ‘a’ are feminine, but there are exceptions that we have to memorize. You can also check a dictionary for a word’s gender. Scroll up and down for more information.
In Spanish, “sombrero” means “hat” and is used for all kinds of hats, but in English “sombrero” is a particular type of hat found in Mexico. In another country, this would be called “sombrero mejicano”. https://dictionary.reverso.net/english-spanish/Sombrero
It is not so bad. Nouns and adjectives that end in a are usually feminine. Most nouns that end in o are masculine. The demonstrative "this" is "este" for singular masculine nouns and "estos" for plural masculine nouns while it is "esta" for singular feminine nouns and "estas" for plural feminine nouns. You can always look up a word in a dictionary to find its gender.
https://dictionary.reverso.net/spanish-english/sombrero The letters "sm" in red stand for "sustantivo masculino" which means masculine noun.
Every noun is either masculine or feminine and there is no rhyme or reason, though many nouns that end in o are masculine and many nouns that end in a are feminine.You just have to memorize the gender of each noun along with its spelling and include an article in that to help you with nouns that end differently. What is the bug that you are referring to?
Did you also type "Sí, este" before "sombrero" ? The highlighting can also be on a word for an error that happened before that word.
Wait a minute, did you put it in the English translation, because the Spanish word “sombrero” means “hat” while the English word “sombrero” is a very specific type of hat. This often happens when we borrow a word from another language, the English “sombrero” is the type of hat that Mexicans wore at the time the word was borrowed.
You may be trying to hear English pronunciation of t. https://www.thoughtco.com/pronouncing-the-t-3079563
I do definitely hear the t.
If your typo makes a different word, then it won’t be counted as a typo. You must learn the correct ending of adjectives to match the gender and number of the noun that is described and you must put the correct ending on a verb to match the pronoun that it would belong to.
“Esto” is a demonstrative neuter pronoun and would replace the noun. “Este” is the masculine demonstrative adjective that is used with the masculine noun.
In Spanish “sombrero” means “hat”, but in English “sombrero” means a specific kind of hat and that is where the cultural meaning exists - in English.
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