The root verbs are "ser" and "estar".
"Es" is the third person or the formal you conjugation of "ser", and would translate as 'he/she is' or 'you (formal speech) are'. The verb "ser" (to be) is used to describe things that are permanent or often unchangable. An example would be "Él es un doctor" (He is a doctor). "Ser" would also be used to describe permanent characteristics, religions, nationalities. "Ser" is also used when talking about time (although the actual time may change, the 'idea of time' is permanent).
"Está" (note the accent over the 'a'; 'esta' = 'this'. When speaking, there be a little more emphasis on enunciating the á, I believe) is the third person or the 'formal you' conjugation of "estar", and would also be translated as 'he/she is' or 'you (formal speech) are'. The verb "estar" is used to describe things that are temporary. With the example sentence, "Tu tren está aquí.", it is saying "Your train is (temporarily) here." "Estar" is used to describe locations, emotions/feelings and apparently death (due to the Spanish concept of death being temporary condition due to reincarnation), as well as used with other verbs to create a present progressive verb tense (i.e.: "Yo estoy caminando" = "I am walking").
I have seen a rhyme to try to help remember this: "For how you feel or where you are, always use the verb 'estar'."
Hope this helps!
Es is for describing someone or something
Esta is for stating the location of something or someone
Why doesn't it accept "your train is this way?" Does "aqui" mean your train is here, as in arriving, or a statement to direct where the train's location is?
I typed "Your train is here" and it's not taking that answer for some reason.
How come sometimes "tu" doesn't have an accent mark? How do you know when to put it?
I didn't put accents on this one and it didnt remind me to watch for them.
I'm always having difficulty with using accents in Spanish. How do I know when a word requires an accented word?
There are some rules but for English speakers just better to memorize as part of the spelling. Some are like our homonyms: our/hour as with tú/tu but with most it has to do with what syllable is stressed.
I added one extra word to the real answer and, they count it as wrong. They really need to vary their tolerance between their answer and our own.
Its showing possesion, tú meaning you and tu meaning yours, if it doesnt have it it may have just been left out on accident, or they allowed it since not everyone has vowels with accent marks
The subject of the verb is the train, not you, so you need to use está (third person) rather than estás (second person)
"estas" is like the English "are", "esta" is like "is". You would say "you are" but "your train is...", not "your train are..."
There's no accent over Tu. Is that duolingos mistake or is that normal? And if so how do I know when to add the accent?
i did a little y instead of a big Y for Your and it says that it was wrong i mean IT BULLYING ME! :(
I've picked up that tú is "you" and tu is "your", but is their any pronunciation difference? Even a subtle one?
ja skrev in istället och ja får fel det borde finnas en knapp som man kan rätta med eller är de bara jagggg!!!
For some reason i put it correct except for the you're instead of your and i got it wrong that you're was on autocorrect
wrong! never letting my kid use this filth he has gotten them all right and it says wrong ughhhh
Locations of things always use esta; it's not always as simple as permanent vs. impermanent states.
Hi, Santiago. I guess it could be because with that word order it sounds like "Hey, the train you waited for is arriving" " Here is your train". But in "Your train is here" maybe the train is waiting for you to start the trip. I hope that helps ;-)
Anyone else not able to hear "esta" and just hear "es" when it is at full speed? I only here esta when it is slowed down. I get that I should know the correct form but it's frustrating that I am hearing it incorrectly and am just typing what I hear.
I am 100% sure I said it correctly but it said I said it wrong this is so sad Alexa play despacito