Help me with the reflexive verbs in Spanish!
I can't understand the reflexive verbs. Please explain it for me! I really need it! Muchas gracias!
They are verbs where the action is made over the same person that makes the action.
¿Te ves en el espejo? = Do you see yourself at the mirror?
Se lavó las manos = He/She washed his/her hands.
Me afeité ayer = I shaved yesterday.
That is the basic meaning and usage. There are a lot of further complications. Tell me if you understand this part.
"Him", as a direct object, in Spanish is "lo". It is placed before the verb when you're using one verb in simple form. If you're using a conjugated verb and an infinitive verb, it can be placed before the conjugated verb or be attached to the end of the infinitive. (This is just the basics, because when you're making an imperative form of sentence, for example, the placement changes.) But if the "him" is the indirect object (to/for whom the verb is being done), it's "le".
• I see him = [Yo] Lo veo. (Direct object him/lo)
• I'm going to see him =
(a) [Yo] Lo voy a ver (Direct object him/lo before the conjugated verb "voy")
(b) [Yo] Voy a verlo (Direct object him/lo attached to the infinitive verb "ver")
• I write him a letter/I write a letter to him = Le escribo una carta. (Indirect object ([to] him)
To understand reflexive verbs in another language, you first need to understand what they are in English. Basically a reflexive verb is a situation in which the Subject and Direct Object in a sentence are the same person. For example: I am teaching myself Spanish on Duolingo. I am washing myself.
Reflexive verbs required reflexive pronouns: myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves and themselves.
Heads up, though, because Spanish and many other languages have verbs that are reflexive in that particular language, but those verbs are not reflexive in Modern English.
These might help:
These sites explain pronominal verbs, of which one type is the reflexive.
You should memorize a set of pronouns called “reflexive pronouns.” Google that and you'll get a ton of advice!
me (myself) te (yourself) se (himself, herself, yourself) nos (ourselves) os (yourselves) se (themselves, yourselves)
You learn to conjugate reflexive verbs like this:
yo me lavo I wash (myself)
tú te lavas you wash (yourself) (informal)
él/ella se lava he/she washes (him/herself) etc.