"Miss Sánchez, I want to learn English."
Translation:Señorita Sánchez, yo quiero aprender inglés.
It would be similar if you added "the" to Miss Sanchez in that English sentence. That said, you don't say: "The miss Sánchez, I want to learn English" We do not use "the" when talking directly to a person, neither in English, nor in Spanish. We don't say: El Señor, me podría decir que hora es?, but: Señor, me podría decir que hora es?; we don't say: Hey la señora, cuidado!, but: hey señora, cuidado! I hope it helps :)
Not quite, verbs that are an action of a subject are conjugated to the subject, verbs that are not actions are left in the infinitive form. For example, "Yo quiero aprender" is about me wanting something (to learn), it is not about me learning something. The order is not what determines which verb is conjugated, although the first verb is usually the action verb.
"La" means "the" in feminine form. "El" means "the" in masculine form. La fruta, la casa, la nina. El hombre, el sol, el coche. Nouns in Spanish are either feminine or masculine. You can tell most by the "a" or "o" endings but there are very many exceptions. "La senora" simply means "the woman." "La" is used to be in agreement with the feminine noun.
You are speaking directly to Senorita Sanchez, so you don't put 'la' before her name. E.g. "Buenas noches, Senorita Sanchez" = 'Good night Ms. Sanchez.' If you were talking about her to someone else, you'd say "la Senorita Sanchez es muy intelligente." = 'Ms. Sanchez is very intelligent.'
You usually use ''Señora'' for a married woman, or age 40+ , and you call young women ''señorita'', in this case you can say Señora Sanchez, and señorita Sanchez, i do not know what is not correct ''Señora'' in this exercise, it must be good as well as ''Señorita''
Now, with the article ''La'' yo should use la for femenine nouns like ''La mujer, la niña, la nación, la ropa, etc'' there are few exceptions...the irregular nouns like ''Águila''(Eagle) is a femenine word, but it's acompanied by masculine article ''El'' So in this case you use ''El águila(The eagle)'' But in the plural form you use the femenine article ''Las águilas(The eagles)''
A verb in Spanish changes from the infinitive/dictionary form to the verb tense/conjugate (called conjugating). The infinitive form changes based on the subject. For example-
Infinitive - Comer (to eat)
Yo/I - Como
Tu/You - Comer
El and Ella/He and She - Come
Ellos and Ellas/They - comes
Keep in mind that the verb conjugates differently depending in the ending of the infinitive. A conjugation chart can be found online to see a full list. (Please excuse the lack of accents and tildes)
Hope this helps!
It is not that hard to search for a word:
When do you use differnet conjugations of a verb? You can look for them in https://dle.rae.es/aprender?m=form and push the button "Conjugar".
I too am getting confused with the La or El in front of señor, señorita, and señora. I understand the gender issue. I just don't get why in some of the lessons even when it appears Mrs. Sànchez is standing right there I am still required to use la in almost all cases and just now used the la in front of señorita Sànchez and that is wrong.
Well, we commonly use “Señora“ as a formal way to talk to women like teachers, if you have a boss who is a woman, and of course married women...and “Señorita“ it's a little more casual, to younger women, you can use it to a woman you have respect for, but also friendly affection, it is used for single women as well.
This was answered in the first response in this discussion. When speaking directly to someone you use 'señor/señora/señorita', when speaking about someone you use 'el señor/la señora/la señorita'. For example, when asking Mr. Martínez a question "Señor, ¿usted necesita ayuda?" or when telling someone information about Mr. Martínez "El señor Martínez vive en la ciudad de méxico". I hope the examples help clear it up for you.
'usted' is a personal pronoun like 'yo', 'tú', 'él' etc. You wouldn't use it in this case, because Señorita Sánchez is not the subject of the verbs used. For example, if you were to say "Miss Sanchez, do you want to learn English", you could include the Usted: "Señorita Sánches, ¿quiere usted aprende inglés?"