Prosím jakto že ve větě není tvar hurts?
Protože jde o minulý čas. Hurt je nepravidelné sloveso s tvary hurt, hurt, hurt a v minulém čase se již ve třetí osobě s nepřidává.
Frantisek katerinu zranil tim slovem
Tim slovem zranil frantisek katerinu
Frantisek zranil katerinu tim slovem
Would any of these word orders be accpetable. ?
All of them are grammatically correct and all of them less likely to be used. The first tells with what he hurt her. The second tells whom did he hurt. The third again with what.
"František tím slovem Kateřinu zranil. What does the original tell?
That the word caused that she was hurt.
is zranil not past? if so, why is "did hurt" not accepted
We would have to manually add "did go" for every "went", "did see" for every "saw", etc. The normal, unstressed past tense is accepted, which is in this case is simply "hurt".
Agnus, what is the infinitive of "zranil"? I've looked for "zranat, zranit, zranatovat, zranitovat, etc." but can't seem to find it.
It's "zranit". Where have you been looking?
It can also be made imperfective: "zraňovat" -- https://prirucka.ujc.cas.cz/?slovo=zra%C5%88ovat
In a small dictionary I have and in a verb book; wasn't in either. I found it in another dictionary I forgot I had. Diky!