"The museum is closed."
Translation:El museo está cerrado.
Why is this "está cerrado" instead of "es cerrado"? (Probably obvious to the more advanced folks, but I'm just "un bebé" when it comes to my Spanish.
Both "ser" and "estar" can be translated as "to be" in English, but are used in different cases. "Ser" is used for inherent qualities of the subject, including nationality, definitions, characteristics, and occupation. "Estar" is used for conditional qualities, such as location and emotion. Since being closed is the condition of the museum, not an inherent quality, you would use "estar".
I take it then, if the museum were permanently closed (I assume this falls under characteristic?) you would then use "Ser"?
Either "ser" (es) or "estar" (está) can be used with "cerrado" (or other past participles), but "estar" is used to talk about the state of something, as in our Duolingo sentence here--it's talking about the state of the museum, of its being closed.
Let's have these examples to show the difference between ser and estar with "cerrado":
• La puerta está cerrada" = "The door is closed" (is talking about the state of the door)
• La puerta es cerrada [por el guardia todos los días] = "The door is closed [by the guard every day]" (is passive; is talking about the action done to the door)
What Superfrog101 said but in simpler terms: estar/esta is temporary and ser/es is permanent. It's temporarily closed (because it will be back open tomorrow) so you use esta. Yo soy de los estados unidos because that's permanent.... where I'm from won't ever change
dosen't un bebe mean a drink? idk im pretty stinky at spanish too so far lol
"bebé" (accent over the 'e') means: baby and "bebe" (no accent) means: he/she drinks lol
Because 'estar' is a verb for location. 'Ser' is a verb for qualities. But the list is more extensive. If you are not sure when to use ser or estar, search online
Hello! To answer your question, I see a lot of questions about when to use esta and when to use es, and what the difference is between them. So here is a basic guide to inform you about both!
Both esta and es mean "is", just used in different ways.
Esta is a permanent (in some cases, like when someone just says "a place is closed", it counts as permanent) statement. For example..
"El hotel esta cerrado"
This means the hotel is closed, and just mentioned before, even though it might be "non-permament", it is still esta.
Es is describing! For example..
"El taxi es rouge"
Though most are yellow, this means the taxi is red. The "es" is describing the taxi, which is red. Another example..
"El hotel es azul"
Same concept here! Es describes the hotel as blue.
Hope you enjoy and now understand between esta and es! I made up a sentence you can memorize to help you remember your esta and es!.. "Es describes the permanent esta statement."
In one of the "tip" explanations, it was said that "está" is used to describe where something or someone is but "es" is used to describe what something or someone is. The museum IS closed. I am so confused! :)))
Es is used in describing something. In, "the taxi is yellow," you would use "es". Esta is used to describe where something is. In, "the taxi is here," you would use "esta". Esta is also used to describe something that is only temporarily true. In, "the hotel is closed," you would use "esta".
"Éste" (or "Este", the accent is no longer required) is a noun determiner -- it is used before a masculine noun. It means This in English.
• "Este libro" = "This book"
"Está" is a verb. It means "is" in English.
• "Juan está triste" = "Juan is sad"
If you are typing on a smartphone you press the key it looks like and hold it down until the accented letters come up. For example if you need "é" you press and hold your "e" key, then slide your finger to the accented letter you want.
Are accents in spanish always from left to top right(é) or can it be the other way as well (é)
Yes, it's always like that. By the way, you wrote the two "é" the same. :)
Why is it cerrado? Is that a form of the word cerrar (if so, what was the conjugation used)?