https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ubungen1

Ihr and Du

What it is difference between "Ihr" and "Du"? For example: 1. Du hast eine apfel. 2. Ihr habt eine apfle.

May 26, 2018

13 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/npLam

du is for when you are speaking to one person (to whom you would not say Sie)
Ihr is when you are speaking to more than one person. (So they are sharing an apple)
:(
note: you can use Sie to more than one person.
EDIT: having just read 7hAu0bvY's comment, I now see that you got the gender wrong on Apfel... I'm cross with myself for missing that, because apple is one of the first genders I ever fixed in my head... I think of William Tell...A MAN with his SON tied to a TREE... there is an APPLE on the boy's HEAD... the story also has an ARROW and a BOW.
APPLE der Apfel
TREE der Baum
BOY der Junge
HEAD der Kopf
MAN der Mann
ARROW der Pfeil
BOW der Bogen

Now, you will have noticed that it should have been a crossbow...but sadly crossbow is die Armbrust
For the purists out there, crossbows didn't fire arrows, they fired quarrels... which is nice because a German word for quarrel is der Streit. (now i've no idea whether Germans called a crossbow bolt a Streit (i doubt it) but it doesn't matter because this is all just a method i use for remembering genders)
Of course, you can give William a HAT (der Hut), and because it's a Swiss story, there has to be a mountain (der Berg) in the background ( der Hintergrund)... the only limit is your imagination :)

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ubungen1

Ufff, now it is even harder for me. My first language is Croatian and we also have genders(male, feminine and child gender) and the problem is that words in Croatian and in German are not of the same gender. And also we don't use articles almost never.

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/npLam

no articles! Great idea :)

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/7hAu0bvY

Du -> you informal singular

Ihr -> you informal plural

Sie -> you formal sing and plural (only with capitalized S even in the middle of a sentence)

Du hast einen Apfel -> one apple for one person

Ihr habt einen Apfel -> one apple for more than one persons.

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ubungen1

Ihr habt einen Apfle = Y'all have one apple? And why is the letter A in the word "apfel" is capitalised?

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/npLam

Germans capitalise all nouns :)

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ubungen1

Does doulingo have chat app? I need some more help

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dessert-Rose

No, Duolingo does not have a chat app though I think you could use this disscussion to chat.

May 27, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/7hAu0bvY

1# it is Apfel not Apfle

2# Apfel is singular. if you want a plural it is Äpfel (notice the two dots on top of the A)

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ubungen1

Do you native as native German speaker know all articles of every word? And if yes, is there some pattern which could help me? If I come to Germany and start speaking without articles will people understand me?

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/7hAu0bvY

yes i know all the articles of the nouns . there a some rules to it, but... there are also exceptions to the rules...

the best thing is to learn the nouns together with the article as one unit.

May 26, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Dessert-Rose

Here is a post where the genders and the articles are explained.

May 27, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Ubungen1

Ooh, thank you so much. I will try to remember all endings.

May 27, 2018

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